The Resource Agency history
- Agency history
- Agency history
- Biographical or historical data
- The Pupil Placement Board was created by an act of the General Assembly passed on September 29, 1956 as part of a program of "massive resistance" to federally ordered school desegregation. The act that created the board divested local school boards and division superintendents of their authority to determine the school to which a child might be admitted and placed all power of enrollment or placement with the Pupil Placement Board. This body consisted of three residents of Virginia who were appointed by the governor to serve during his term in office. Among the factors that the board was to consider in assigning particular pupils to particular schools were the efficient operation of the schools and the safety and welfare of the pupils.
- From the beginning of the board's existence, its efforts to control pupil assignments were frustrated by decisions of the federal courts and by local school boards, which increasingly tended to ignore the board. On April 29, 1959 the General Assembly passed an act returning responsiblity for school assignments to local authorities. Despite the loss of most of its power, the Pupil Placement Board continued to exist for seven more years until it was abolished by an act passed by the General Assembly in 1966.
- Cataloging source
- Citation source
- Salmon, John S., comp. A GUIDE TO STATE RECORDS IN THE ARCHIVES BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985
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