The Resource Amelia County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records

Amelia County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records

Label
Amelia County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1781-1866, n.d
Title
Amelia County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records
Inclusive dates
1781-1866, n.d
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
  • Amelia County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records include affidavits (1837, 1863, 1866), free negro lists (1801-1803, 1851-1853, 1855-1856, 1858-1859), free negro registrations (1794, 1801, 1806, 1809, 1816, 1820, 1823, 1829-1833, 1835, 1843, 1847, 1847, 1849-1852, 1854-1856, n.d.), list of slaves belonging to Lyman Hall (1781), list of slaves belonging to Frances Tabb (1804), records related to slave requisitions to work on fortifications (1861, 1863-1865, n.d.), petition to remain in the county (1816), and a schedule of slave inhabitants (1850)
  • Free negro affidavits contain the date of the document, the name of the person, sometimes their age and a brief physical description, and a statement based either on another person's knowledge or on other official documentary evidence seen by the certifier that this person was either born free or was emancipated. If born free, reference is sometimes made to parents and to age. The 1863 affidavit contains a list of names and birthdates of about twenty people
  • Lists of free negroes contain full names and occupations. Sometimes places of residence, ages, and familial relationships are also indicated
  • Free negro registrations contain the name of the free person, sometimes their age and a brief physical description, and a statement based either on another person's knowledge or on other official documentary evidence seen by the certifier that this person was either born free or was emancipated. If born free, reference is sometimes made to parents. If emancipated, emancipating owner, place and date of emancipation, and prior registration as a free negro are usually mentioned
  • The list of slaves belonging to Lyman Hall of South Carolina (1781) contains names, ages, and whether the person is a man, woman or child. The list was compiled to comply with an Act of Assembly entited "An Act to authorize the Citizens of South Carolina and Georgia to remove their slaves into this state."
  • The list of slaves belonging to Frances Tabb (1804) contains the names of slaves. No surnames are given. The reverse of the document states that these are the dower slaves of Frances Tabb
  • Records related to slave requisitions to work on fortifications (1863, 1864) include lists with the names of slaveowners, sometimes the names of individual slaves, the value of slaves sent to work, and the number of slaves each slaveowner sent. Other records in this group include orders, letters, and reports to the Amelia County court and clerk of court from the Amelia County committee appointed to apportion slaves, the Secretary of the Commonwealth, the Confederate Engineering Department, the General Assembly, and individuals. Contents of these records concern the business of the Virginia government's requisition of slaves from Virginia counties to work on the fortifications at Richmond
  • The schedule of slave inhabitants is two pages from the 1850 census of slave inhabitants (commonly called the slave schedule). This is not a complete copy of the Amelia 1850 slave schedule. It records the name of the slave owner and then enumerates but does not name individual slaves. A column exists to record a number of slaves manumitted if any. Information is recorded about the unnamed slaves including age, sex, color, whether a fugitive from the state, and whether deaf, dumb, blind, insane or idiotic
Member of
Action
Described
Biographical or historical data
  • Amelia County was formed in 1734 from Brunswick and Prince George counties.
  • The General Assembly of Virginia passed a law as early as July 1, 1861, calling for the enrollment of free negroes to work in the public service. From 1862 to 1863, at the request of the president of the Confederate States, the General Assembly passed three more laws that requisitioned slaves to work on fortifications and other works of the public defense. Each county and city were alloted a certain number of slaves that had to be provided to the government under the requisition.
  • In 1806, the General Assembly passed a law to suppress the manumissions of slaves by tying emancipation with deportation. The law stated that all emancipated slaves, freed after May 1, 1806, who remained in the Commonwealth more than a year would forfeit their right to freedom and be sold by the Overseers of the Poor for the benefit of the parish. Individuals wishing to stay were to petition the legislature through the local county court. Begininng in 1837, freed slaves could petition the local courts for permission to remain in the commonwealth. Often included in the petitions are the name of the petitioner, the circumstances of free status, and a request to remain in the county often with accompanying names of citizens who can testify to the free status or who support the request of the petitioner to remain.
Cataloging source
Vi
Location of other archival material
Additional Amelia County Free Negro and Slave Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm" found on the Library of Virginia web site.
Label
Amelia County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records
Link
http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi01392.xml
Note
  • These items came to the Library of Virginia in transfers of court papers from Amelia County under the accession numbers 37990, 37993, 37995, and 41507
  • As of February 2006, the Amelia County court records are being processed. Some records that used to belong to this series have been removed and filed in other series (for example, the patrol claims are now filed with the Tax and Fiscal series). Additional free negro and slave records may be added to this collection
Arrangement
Chronological by record type.
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • The Library of Virginia
Extent
0.45
Governing access note
There are no restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
  • Amelia County Circuit Court
  • Amelia County Circuit Court
  • Amelia County Circuit Court
  • Amelia County Circuit Court
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
001555743
Terms governing use
There are no restrictions.
Type of unit
cu. ft. (1 box)

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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