The Resource Arlington County (Va.) Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected

Arlington County (Va.) Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected

Label
Arlington County (Va.) Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected, 1863-1869
Title
Arlington County (Va.) Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected
Inclusive dates
1863-1869
Title variation
Arlington County (Va.) Gladwin Record
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
  • Arlington County (Va.) Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected, 1863-1869, is a marriage and death register kept by the Superintendents of Contrabands in Alexandria, Virginia, during and directly after the Civil War. Reverend Albert Gladwin was the first Superintendent of Contrabands and his successors kept up the register after his departure. The book records death, burial, and marriage information about freedmen and free blacks in the Alexandria area
  • Page 2 contains a monthly reporting on the number of deaths from 1862 May through 1865 December
  • Pages 3-23 and 51-79 are a Personal Record of Deaths. Information recorded is month, day and year of death, name, age in years, months or days, and a remarks column. The remarks column (called varyingly the Residences, etc. column) contains varying information including location of funeral, place of death, cause of death, or occasionally place of burial. A few persons are noted as being white. The remarks column is not always filled in. Many of the burials of the deceased certainly took place in the large Freedmen's Cemetery
  • Pages 15-39 are a Record of Deaths in the New Freedmen's Hospitals, Etc. Information recorded is month, day and year of death, name, age in years, months and days, and a remarks column. The remarks column records which hospital the death occured in and sometimes other notes about the place of burial or the funeral. A great number of the deceased were members of the United States Colored Troops. Regiment is given for soldiers. Named hospitals include Commissary Hospital, New General Hospital, Quarter Master Hospital, L'Ouverture Hospital, and Bartlott's Division Hospital. Some of the deceased soldiers were buried in the Freedmen's Cemetery but most are interred at Arlington National Cemetery
  • Pages 80-83 are a history and explanation of the death and funeral responsibilities of the Superintendent of Contrabands and gives a brief history of the founding of the Freedmen's Cemetery. The name of the first gravedigger is listed as Randall Ward, colored. Page 83 contains an account of coffins which have been received and expended
  • Pages 84-119 are a Record of Deaths and Burials among the Freedmen in Alexandria, Va. Information recorded is month, day and year of death, a number, name of deceased person, age, name of parent or near relation, residence of person at time of death, charges, and remarks. The remarks are usually limited to charges for the burial or whether the person was destitute and therefore buried at the expense of the Superintendent of Contrabands. Some few remarks concern cause of death. The remarks column is not always filled in
  • Pages 129-143 are a Record of Marriages. Information recorded includes date of marriage, names of parties married, by whom married, place of marriage, and a remarks column. Remarks usually concern fees paid and marriage licenses. Some parties are noted as white. Other remarks are about the ceremony or situation of the couple such as "travelled over a hundred miles from vicinity of Richmond on foot together to get married." Marriage information exists only for the years 1863-1864
Member of
Action
Described
Biographical or historical data
  • Arlington County was formed in 1789 from Fairfax County and was at that time named Alexandria County. The county was ceded to the federal government in 1801 and was part of the District of Columbia until 1846 when it was returned to the state of Virginia. Alexandria County changed its name in 1920 to Arlington County.
  • Reverend Albert Gladwin of Connecticut was appointed the first Superintendent of Contrabands by the military governor of Alexandria in 1862 to help deal with the influx of escaped slaves who had flooded the city after the beginning of the Civil War. Two of his duties were to record the deaths of freedmen and to assist poor and destitute people with coffins, headstones, and burial. Gladwin was removed from his position in 1865 after he insisted on burying deceased United States Colored Troops in the Freedmen's Cemetery instead of in the newly established soldiers' cemetery at Arlington.
  • The Freedmen's Cemetery was established in 1864 on land seized by the military government of Alexandria from Francis L. Smith. Located on south Washington Street just outside of the then city limits, it was established as a burial ground for contrabands and placed under the charge of the Superintendent of Contrabands.
Cataloging source
Vi
Location of other archival material
  • Additional Arlington County Vital Statistics Records can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm" found on the Library of Virginia web site.
  • A transcription of the Gladwin Record was published in the following book: Wesley E. Pippinger, _Alexandria, Virginia death records, 1863-1868 (The Gladwin record) and 1869-1896_ (Westminster, Md. : Family Line Publications, 1995).
Label
Arlington County (Va.) Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected
Note
  • This item came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Arlington County
  • Photolab number 11_1187
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • The Library of Virginia
Extent
  • 1
  • 1
Governing access note
There are no restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
  • Arlington County Circuit Court.
  • The Library of Virginia Local Records Services Branch
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
001584457
Terms governing use
Use microfilm copy, Arlington County (Va.) Reel 269.
Type of unit
  • v. (143 p.) and
  • microfilm reel.

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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