The Resource Brunswick County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes and Pardons

Brunswick County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes and Pardons

Brunswick County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes and Pardons, 1791-1806; 1898-1903
Brunswick County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes and Pardons
Inclusive dates
1791-1806; 1898-1903
  • Brunswick County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes and Pardons, 1791-1806; 1898-1902. Commonwealth causes, 1791-1806, are criminal court cases. Most of the causes in this collection pertain to enslaved people, and many inolve accusations of poisoning. One cause, Commonwealth vs. Isaac, Phill, and Shaq, documents an alleged insurrection to "kill all white people." Pardons, 1898-1903, are pardons granted by Virginia Governors James Hoge Tyler and Andrew Jackson Montague to persons convicted of criminal offenses
  • Commonwealth causes consist primarily of warrants, summonses, indictments, and verdicts handed down by grand juries and other legal authorities in order to prosecute individuals who violated the penal code. Some cases also include depositions describing the alleged crimes. Offenses ranged in severity from murder, rape, assault and battery, and larceny
  • Warrants were issued by grand juries, judges, and justices of the peace directing law enforcement officials to either arrest and imprison a person suspected of having committed a crime or to cause an individual to appear in court to answer accusations made against them. Peace warrants directing an offender to "keep the peace of the Commonwealth" or to restrain from any violent acts are commonly found in assault and battery cases
  • Summonses were used to call a suspected person to appear in court. A summons could also be issued to direct witnesses or victims to come before the court in order to provide evidence or information deemed pertinent to a case
  • An indictment is the official, written description of the crime that an accused individual is suspected of committing, which is approved by a grand jury and presented to a court in order to begin legal proceedings. Due to this process, indictments are often referred to as "presentments."
  • Verdicts are the formal pronouncements made by juries on issues submitted to them by a judge or other law enforcement official. In the case of a guilty verdict, a judge will sentence the offender. Sentences may include a fine, corporal punishment, and/or imprisonment. Coroners also submitted verdicts such as "death by suicide," "death by natural causes," etc. when determining the cause of a suspicious or sudden death
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Biographical or historical data
Brunswick County was named for the duchy of Brunswick-Luneburg, one of the German possesions of George I. It was formed in 1720 from Prince George County, but, because of the sparse population, county government was not organized until 1732. In the latter year Brunswick County was enlarged by the addition of parts of Surry and Isle of Wight Counties.
Cataloging source
Location of other archival material
  • Additional court records for Brunswick County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm" found on the Library of Virginia web site.
  • Additional Brunswick County criminal records may be found at the Library of Virginia.
Brunswick County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes and Pardons
These items came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Buckingham County Circuit Court
Arranged chronologically.
  • The Library of Virginia
Governing access note
There are no restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
Brunwick County Circuit Court
Terms governing use
There are no restrictions.
Type of unit
cu. ft. (1 box)

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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