The Resource Cumberland County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records

Cumberland County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records

Cumberland County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1753-1865
Cumberland County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records
Inclusive dates
  • Cumberland County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1753-1865, consist of free negro registrations and certificates (1789-1860); lists of free negroes (1809-1861); and miscellaneous records (1753-1865)
  • Free negro registrations and certificates contain the name of the free person, sometimes their age and a brief physical description, and a statement based either on another person's knowledge or on other official documentary evidence seen by the certifier that this person was either born free or was emancipated. If born free, reference is sometimes made to parents. If emancipated, emancipating owner, place and date of emancipation, and prior registration as a free negro are usually mentioned
  • Lists of free negroes were compiled by the commissioner of the revenue for tax purposes. The lists give the full name, age, sex, and trade or occupation for each person on the list. Some of the lists provide a residence. Other lists included are lists of persons registered as free and a list circa 1809 of the children of Free Chloe along with their names and birth dates
  • Miscellaneous records include a receipt for making a coffin for Jassea Brown, a free negro (1854); order to summon justices to consider the applications of Sam Jones and John Jones to remain in the commonwealth (1852); order to summon justices to prevent free negroes from selling agricultural products without a certificate (1846, 1855); memo of slaves belonging to the estate of Benjamin Weber (circa 1815); a certificate permitting Sam Short, a free man of color, to carry a gun (1825); memo of slaves of Mason family (circa 1790); division of Bartlett Anglea's slaves (photocopy, 1841); valuation of Bridget, now in jail (1831); certification of William, a runaway from Monroe County (1839); order for James, Albert and Peter Mayo, free negroes, to work on the road (photocopy, 1840); deposition regarding the slaves of the Walton and/or Mosby family (circa 1753); Commonwealth vs. Eliza Green who is charged with being a runaway, including documentation supporting her free status (1817); deed of emancipation of Sanderson and Brown to Thomas and Lewis (1824); deed of trust for slaves from Jacob G. Mosby to David Molloy and Willis Wilson (1824); and lists of slaves requisitioned for work on the fortifications which includes only slaveowner names and numbers sent (1862-1865)
Member of
Biographical or historical data
Cumberland County was named for William Augustus, duke of Cumberland, third son of George II. It was formed from Goochland County in 1749.
Cataloging source
Cumberland County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records
These items came to the Library of Virginia in transfers of court papers from Cumberland County
Arranged chronologically by record type.
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
For additional information, see inventory
Governing access note
There are no restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
Cumberland County Circuit Court
Terms governing use
There are no restrictions.
Type of unit
cu. ft. (2 boxes)

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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