The Resource Governor's Office escheated land records

Governor's Office escheated land records

Label
Governor's Office escheated land records, 1811-1860
Title
Governor's Office escheated land records
Inclusive dates
1811-1860
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Contains escheated land records collected by the Governor's Office over the span of several decades and administrations. Included are escheated land files created by city and county escheators and sent to the Register of the Land Office, as well as lists of escheated land created by the Register of the Land Office and submitted to the governor
Note
  • Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Governor's Office. (Search author as Governor's Office).
  • Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Land Office. (Search author as Land Office).
Member of
Action
  • Accessioned
  • Described
  • Updated
Biographical or historical data
  • The act that established the Land Office on 22 July 1779, provided for a Register to be at the head, who would be "appointed from time to time, by joint ballot of both houses of assembly...." The act which established the Land Office passed the General Assembly on 22 June 1779. It was the responsibility of the Register to carry out the very carefully structured legislation which provided the procedure for obtaining waste and unappropriated lands.
  • Escheat is a common law doctrine put in place to ensure that property is not left in limbo and ownerless after the death of its owner. A parcel of land is escheated, or transferred to the state, when a person dies intestate (without a will or rightful heirs). In the Commonwealth of Virginia, each locality had an escheator who kept track of ownerless land. The escheator was required by law to publicize the possible escheat of land in a newspaper or at the county courthouse. Once it was determined that a parcel of land had no rightful owner, the escheator reported the escheat to the Register of the Land Office. In some cases, an inquisition was held by the local escheator to determine whether any heirs existed or whether the heirs had rightful title to the land in question. After the county and city escheators reported to the Register of the Land Office, the Register was required to forward the information directly to the governor.
Cataloging source
VIC
Citation source
Salmon, John S., comp. A GUIDE TO STATE RECORDS IN THE ARCHIVES BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985
Label
Governor's Office escheated land records
Link
http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/lva/vi03034.xml.frame
Note
Part of Record Group 3 (Governor's Office)
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
Inventory
Extent
.45
Governing access note
There are no access restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
Acquisition information unknown
Organization method
Organized into the following series: Series I. Escheated land files, 1811-1860; Series II. Lists and reports of escheated land, 1812-1852.
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
001621911
Terms governing use
There are no use restrictions.
Type of unit
cu. ft. (1 box)

Subject

Genre

Member of

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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