The Resource Insurrection records

Insurrection records

Insurrection records, 1800-1833
Insurrection records
Inclusive dates
  • These records are part of Auditor of Public Accounts. Disbursements to Localities and Individuals: Public Claims - Slaves and Free Blacks
  • The Insurrection Records, 1800-1833, are housed in two boxes and arranged into two series. Series have been designated for Series I: Gabriel's Insurrection, 1800-1801, and Series II: Southampton Insurrection, 1831-1833. These records concern payment from the Auditor of Public Accounts to Virginia citizens and militia regiments who assisted with the insurrections
  • The records, 1800-1833, contain accounts, manumissions, muster rolls, pay rolls, provision returns, and receipts. The bulk of the collection are the muster and pay rolls for regiments of the Virginia Militia assisting with the insurrections. The muster and pay rolls contain the names of members of the militia as well as their rank, pay, and dates of service. The accounts and receipts include payments for guard duty, purchases of food supplies, liquor, powder, and munitions for the militia, clothing repairs, and doctors visits
  • The Insurrection records mainly concern the militia and citizens assisting the state with the insurrections. For information on the slaves and free blacks see the Virginia Auditor of Public Accounts - Condemned Slaves and Free Blacks Executed or Transported Records, 1781-1865 (APA 756). For information on the governments response see the Office of the Governor, Executive Papers of Governor James Monroe, 1799-1802 (LVA Accession 40936) and Executive Papers of Governor John Floyd, 1830-1834 (LVA Accession 42665)
Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Virginia Auditor of Public Accounts (1776-1928). (Search Virginia Auditor of Public Accounts (1776-1928) as author).
Member of
Additional physical form
Also available on microfilm
Biographical or historical data
Although Virginia society was generally orderly, the fear of slave rebellion lay just below the surface. There were two such rebellions in the antebellum period: Gabriel's Insurrection, in 1800, and the Southampton Insurrection, or Nat Turner's Rebellion, in 1831. Gabriel and his followers were caught before they could act, but Nat Turner and his supporters killed several whites before they were captured. In each instance retribution was swift. Local militia units were called out, many slaves were imprisoned, and the ringleaders were executed.
Cataloging source
Citation coverage
Auditor of Public Accounts inventory
Citation location within source
entry no. 758
Insurrection records
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
  • Inventory
  • Finding aid
Immediate source of acquisition
Insurrections, records, 1800-1833,
Organization method
This collection is arranged into the following series: Series I: Gabriel's Insurrection, 1800-1801; and Series II: Southampton Insurrection, 1831-1833.
Type of unit
cu. ft. (2 boxes)

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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