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Papers, 1768-1816, of Henry Lee (1756-1818) of Westmoreland County, Virginia, and Barbados, containing bonds, correspondence, deeds, depositions, notes and reminiscences. Correspondence includes transcripts of letters and depositions discussing the the quartering of British troops in Boston, Massachusetts, possible efforts by British officers to encourage African Americans to rebel, and general unrest in Massachusetts, all before the Revolution. Also contains letters from George Washington (1732-1799), the Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834), and Nathanael Greene (1742-1786) regarding the military situation in New York, North Carolina, and South Carolina during the American Revolution; letters concerning politics in the United States during the 1780s and 1790s; and correspondence containing recollections by other officers of the Continental Army about campaigns in North Carolina and South Carolina, including the battles of Guilford Court House and Hobkirk's Hill. Letters from Barbados deal with Lee's health; advice to his wife Ann Hill Carter Lee (1773-1829) and sons Henry Lee, Jr., (1787-1837) and Charles Carter Lee (1798-1871); and Lee's business concerns. Letters also discuss the death of Lee's first wife Matilda, his marriage to Ann Hill Carter, and the death of his father-in-law Charles Carter (1732-1806). Letters, bonds, and deeds concern Lee's land interests in western Virginia, Washington D. C., and Santo Domingo. Also includes notes and reminiscences about Revolutionary War campaigns in North Carolina and South Carolina, including Andrew Jackson's (1767-1845) recollection of the battle of Hobkirk's Hill near Camden, South Carolina. The letters, notes and reminiscences dealing with the Revolution were used in Lee's MEMOIRS OF THE WAR IN THE SOUTHERN DEPARTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES
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  • Accessioned
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Additional physical form
A microfilm copy of these papers is also available as part of the Charles Carter Lee collection,
Biographical or historical data
Henry Lee was born 29 January 1756 at Leesylvania in Prince William County, Virginia, to Henry Lee (1729-1787) and Lucy Grymes Lee (1734-1792). He graduated from Princeton in 1773. During the American Revolution, Lee was appointed a captain of cavalry in the Virginia militia and served in the Continental Army. Lee impressed George Washington (1732-1799) who convinced Congress to appoint Lee to an independent cavalry command. Lee and his legion served under Washington in New Jersey and New York, then under command of Nathanael Greene (1742-1786) in North Carolina and South Carolina. Lee's Legion earned itself and its commander fame. After the war, Lee entered politics and represented Virginia in the Continental Congress from 1786 to 1788 and sat in the Virginia ratifying convention for the Constitution in 1788. From 1791 to 1794 Lee served as Governor of Virginia. He represented Westmoreland County in the Virginia House of Delegates in 1785-1786, 1789-1791, and 1795-1799. He retired from politics in 1801 and returned to Westmoreland County. However, bad business decisions and poor health eventually forced Lee to remove to Barbados, leaving his family behind. In 1818, he determined to return home, but got only as far as Cumberland Island, Georgia, where he died at Dungeness, home of the widow of General Nathanael Greene, on 25 March 1818. He was buried at Dungeness, but was reinterred in the Lee family crypt at the Lee Chapel at Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia, 30 May 1913. Lee married first Matilda Lee (1763-1790) in 1782, and they had four children. He married second Ann Hill Carter (1773-1829) 18 June 1793 and they had six children, including Robert E. Lee (1807-1870).
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Form designation
Location of originals duplicates
The original papers are located in the Alderman Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
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  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
  • Inventory
  • Inventory
Immediate source of acquisition
Lee, Charles Carter
Reproduction note
Photostats (negative).
Type of unit
v. (172 leaves).



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Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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