The Resource Jacob E. Yoder diaries

Jacob E. Yoder diaries

Jacob E. Yoder diaries, 1861-1870
Jacob E. Yoder diaries
Inclusive dates
Diaries, 1861-1870, of Jacob E. Yoder (1838-1905) of Pottstown, Pennsylvania, and Lynchburg, Virginia, consisting of diary, 25 January-25 February 1864, detailing Yoder's teaching in a school in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, describing the performance of his students; recording the weather; commenting on his personal and religious life; also containing notes on lectures on teaching taken in 1861, accounts, 1862-1864, class lists and grades of students, and miscellaneous notes; diary, 1866-1867, recording his experiences teaching in a Freedmen's Bureau School for African Americans in Lynchburg, Virginia, commenting on the sentiments of the local white population on the end of the Civil War and Union occupation, and his personal experiences while teaching; diary, 1868-1869, detailing his departure from Lynchburg for Pennsylvania to continue his personal education, his return to Lynchburg to continue teaching African Americans in Freedmen's Bureau schools, and commenting on national and Virginia state politics, as well as social aspects of Pennsylvania and Virginia; and diary, 1869-1870, continuing his experiences as a teacher for the Freedmen's Bureau, recounting trips he made as school superintendent to various African American schools in central Virginia, and commenting on his personal experiences in Lynchburg, also containing a list of names and copies of receipts for money given to Alex Wharton of Lynchburg. The diaries for 1866-1867 and 1869-1870 were published as THE FIRE OF LIBERTY IN THEIR HEARTS: THE DIARY OF JACOB E. YODER OF THE FREEDMEN'S BUREAU SCHOOL, LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA, 1866-1870
Member of
  • Accessioned
  • Accessioned
  • Described
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
Jacob Eschbach Yoder was born 22 February 1838 in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, to Jacob Maurer Yoder (d. 1854) and Anna Eschbach Yoder. He attended local Mennonite schools and the Millersville Normal School where he was educated to become a teacher. He enlisted in the 47th Pennsylvania Volunteer Emergency Militia in 1863, but apparently returned to teaching after the unit was disbanded. He taught school in Berks County, Pennsylvania, and Montgomery County in 1864 and returned to Millersville Normal School in 1865. In 1866, Yoder became a teacher for the Freedmen's Bureau and traveled to Lynchburg, Virginia to teach the newly freed African Americans. He went to Pennsylvania in 1867 to continue his own education, but returned to Lynchburg to continue teaching in 1869. Yoder became superintendent of schools for the Freedmen's Bureau. By the end of the 1870s, Yoder had become an administrator for Lynchburg's African American schools. In 1881, he was appointed supervisor of Lynchburg's African American schools. Yoder married Anna Whitaker 28 June 1871 and they had 7 children. He died in Lynchburg 15 April 1905.
Cataloging source
Location of other archival material
Jacob W. Shoemaker dairy, 1866-1867 (LVA accession 44895)
Jacob E. Yoder diaries
  • The Library of Virginia
  • 7
  • 118
  • 2
  • 214
  • 100
  • 4
  • 48
Immediate source of acquisition
  • Yoder, Sterling N.
  • Weaver, William Woys
  • Vol. 1
  • Vol. 2
  • Vol. 3
  • Vol. 4
Type of unit
  • leaves and
  • p.
  • leaves and
  • p.
  • p.
  • leaves and
  • p.

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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