The Resource Northern Neck Proprietary papers

Northern Neck Proprietary papers

Northern Neck Proprietary papers, 1688-1810
Northern Neck Proprietary papers
Inclusive dates
  • Northern Neck proprietary papers, 1688-1810, of the Fairfax family, including advertisements, accounts, bonds, deeds, grants, leases, legal papers, letters, plats, rent rolls, surveys, and wills
  • Consists of: a) rent rolls, 1771-1779, for Culpeper, King George, Prince William, and Stafford Counties, Virginia; b) land grants and surveys, 1688-1780, containing the Northern Neck land grant by James II, King of England, to Thomas, Lord Culpeper and others, and land grants from Margaret, Lady Culpeper, Thomas, Lord Fairfax, Catherine, Lady Fairfax, and Thomas, Lord Fairfax; c) bonds, 1742-1789, for collectors of quit rents of Northern Neck properties; d) deeds and leases, 1707-1786, for Northern Neck properties; e) wills, 23 November 1777 and 4 May 1793, of George Smith of Frederick County and William Allison of Fauquier County; f) plats and surveys, 1741-1793, for lands leased in the Northern Neck, most surveys were made by Elias Poston and George Murray; g) legal papers, including forms, powers of attorney, inquisition, legal opinions, court records, depositions, acknowledgements, arbiters' decisions, notification, agreements, judgments, summonses, and chancery bills; h) letters, 1743-1785, mostly to and from William Fairfax, Thomas, Lord Fairfax, Bryan Fairfax, and Thomas Bryan Martin; and i) miscellaneous items, 1693-1788, including accounts, petitions, reports, memorandums, lists, advertisements, receipts, bills of sale of slaves, plan of the town of Bath (Berkeley Springs, West Virginia), certifications, and statements
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  • Accessioned
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
The Northern Neck Land Office controlled 5,282,000 acres in land grants located between the Rappahannock and Potomac rivers, which were given to seven loyal supporters of King Charles II, including Lord Fairfax. Agents of the Northern Neck Proprietary issued the first land grant in 1690. The Proprietary operated until the death of Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax in 1781. For the next thirty years, however, the ownership was in dispute. Fairfax family interest was terminated in 1808 when the last surviving heir sold his title to his remaining manor to a syndicate.
Cataloging source
Location of other archival material
Fairfax family proprietary papers, 1720-1793 (LVA accession 27213).
Northern Neck Proprietary papers
One folder located in oversize
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
  • Inventory
  • Inventory
Immediate source of acquisition
Organization method
Organized into the following nine series: A. Rent rolls, 1771-1779; B. Grants, 1688-1780; C. Bonds, 1742-1789; D. Deeds and Leases, 1707-1786; E. Wills, 1777, 1793; F. Plats and Surveys, 1741-1793. G. Legal papers, 1721-1810. H. Letters, 1743-1785. I. Miscellaneous, 1693-1788.
Type of unit
cubic ft.



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Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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