The Resource Papers

Papers

Label
Papers, 1777-1864
Title
Papers
Inclusive dates
1777-1864
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Papers, 1777-1864, of the Fairfax family of Alexandria, Virginia, consisting of letters from Randolph Fairfax (1842-1862) and Ethelbert Fairfax (1845-1907) to their family describing their service in the Confederate artillery and signal corps during the Civil War and camp life, as well as family and social news. Randolph describes the excitement at the University of Virginia at the outbreak of the Civil War and Virginia's secession, as well as his decision to enlist. He describes the field after the first battle of Manassas (Bull Run), and chronicles his participation in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, the Peninsular Campaign, and the 1862 Maryland Campaign, including the battles of Kernstown, McDowell, 1st Winchester, Port Republic, the Seven Days, Malvern Hill, 2nd Manassas (Bull Run), Cedar Mountain, South Mountain, and Antietam. Randolph's letters conclude with the campaign leading up to the battle of Fredericksburg, and the last letter was written the day before he was killed in that battle. He also comments on various Confederate generals, including Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863). Elthelbert comments on the campaign between Confederate and Union troops from May to September 1864, culminating in the siege of Petersburg, Virginia. He also comments on his division's assignment to Wilmington, North Carolina, in December 1864. Also includes notes by Ethelbert on the 1864 Spring campaign's battles from the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House to Cold Harbor and Petersburg. Also a letter from Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) to Mary R. Fairfax, Ethelbert's mother, concerning a possible promotion for Ethelbert. Papers also includes a pass, 1 October 1777, signed by George Washington (1732-1799) allowing Bryan Fairfax and his son Thomas Fairfax to pass through American lines on their way to New York, New York
Member of
Action
  • Accessioned01/07/82.
  • Described
  • Revised
Biographical or historical data
Dr. Orlando Fairfax and his wife, Mary Randolph Cary, and their children were prominent residents of Alexandria, Virginia. The record includes correspondence and papers of the family and descendants of Thomas Fairfax (1762-1846) and his son, Orlando Fairfax, M.D. (1806-1882). Dr. Fairfax married Mary Randolph Cary (1811-1887) and had a number of children including the following mentioned in the letters: Monimia Fairfax ("Nim") (1837-1889), Jane Cary Fairfax ("Jenny") (1840-1922), Edith Fairfax (b. 1847), and Thomas Fairfax (1849-1907). Two sons of Orlando and Mary R. Fairfax served in the Confederate army during the war and corresopnded with the family: Randolph Fairfax (1842-1862), a private in the Rockbridge Artillery, who was killed at the battle of Federicksburg on December 13, 1862; and Ethelbert Fairfax (1845-1907), who served in Company E, 18th Battalion of Virginia Heavy Artillery and was later transferred to the signal corps. The Fairfax family relocated from Alexandria to Richmond, Virginia, in the early days of the Civil War.
Cataloging source
Vi
Label
Papers
Arrangement
Chronological.
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
Inventory
Extent
262
Immediate source of acquisition
Hayes, Elizabeth
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
000491950
Reproduction note
photocopies.
Type of unit
p.

Subject

Genre

Member of

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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