The Resource Papers


Papers, 1795-1875
Inclusive dates
  • Papers, 1795-1875, of the Henkel family, Lutheran ministers and printers living in Shenandoah County, Virginia. Papers consist of correspondence, legal manuscripts, business papers, diaries and notebooks, miscellaneous literary works, musical scores, church papers, and genalogical notes
  • BOX 1: Correspondence, 1799-1870, Legal manuscripts, 1795-1857, Business papers, 1812-1848, David Henkel diary 1812-1830, Paul Henkel diary 1822-1824 (in German), Travel Journal, 1822 (in German), Preacher's Notebook, 1807, which contains instructions for pastoral duties, and Literary works, 1825-1875; BOX 2: Poems, hymns and songs, musical scores, 1857, Synod of Tennessee, 1821-1871, Genealogical notes, 1795-1886, and miscellaneous manuscripts, 1795, 1813-1827, n.d
Member of
  • Accessioned
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
  • The Henkel family of New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, was a prominent family of Evangelical Lutheran ministers and printers. Paul Henkel (1754-1825) moved with his family to New Market in 1790, and the next year established St. Davidsburg Church. He also established churches in Augusta County, Virginia, and was one of the founders of the Lutheran Synod of North Carolina. His missionary journeys took him into Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee. He left a large number of descendants, many of whom were ministers, physicians, and printers.
  • Ambrose Henkel (1786-1870), Paul's son, started the printing business in New Market in 1806. This was the first German language printing press west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Early publications of the Henkel Press were devoted to Lutheran theological literature and translations from German. In 1807 the Press issued the first number of a German newspaper, "The Virginia and New Market Popular Instructor and Weekly News." A child's primer and a Lutheran hymnal were printed in 1816. In 1868, the Henkel Press began publication of a weekly newspaper, "The Shenandoah Valley." Four generations of the family were involved with the Press; Elon O. Henkel was the last publisher and editor of the weekly newspaper to carry on the family name.
  • Solomon Henkel (1777-1847) and his son, Solon, practice medicine in New Market. Solomon also served as postmaster, and operated a printing press with his brother Ambrose, who was also a writer and Lutheran minister.
Cataloging source
Language note
In English and German
Chronological thereunder.
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
Immediate source of acquisition
Tusing, Elizabeth Wise, Mrs.
Organization method
By type of papers,
Type of unit
cu. ft.

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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