The Resource Plan of proposed villa drawn for David Dunlop, (architectural drawing)

Plan of proposed villa drawn for David Dunlop, (architectural drawing)

Plan of proposed villa drawn for David Dunlop, 1856.
Plan of proposed villa drawn for David Dunlop
Inclusive dates
  • These drawings depict floor plans, elevations, and details for a towered villa-style mansion by Belfast, Ireland, architect Robert Young for tobacco industry magnate David Dunlop. This structure replaces the previous "Ellerslie," (ca. 1839) which was destroyed by fire in mid-1856. Young probably executed these drawings without ever seeing the site of the structure in Colonial Heights, Virginia. Property owner David Dunlop was a native of Ayr, Scotland, and may have been familiar with Young's work. Sources on Young do not indicate that he visited the United States. The drawing sheets includes what appears to be an alternate design for the roof of the tower, which housed the "ladies sitting room."
  • The mansion sustained damage during the Battle of Swift Creek, May 9, 1864, and was later used by General P. G. T. Beauregard as his headquarters. A photograph included with the architectural drawings depicts an encapment of Major General C. M. (Cadmus Marcellus) Wilcox at "Ellerslie." Additionally, General Johnson Hagood's South Carolina Brigade camped at the estate in September 1864
  • In 1910, the mansion was renovated by the Carneal and Johnston firm of Richmond, Virginia, in the then-fashionable Bungalow style. This change eliminated the flat roof and added a hipped roof with deep eaves. The structure still stands and is on the Virginia Landmarks Register
Member of
  • Accessioned
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
Robert Young was born in Belfast on February 22, 1822. After his completing his studies at Glasgow University around 1841, he decided to follow a career in engineering. Young became indentured to Charles Lanyon, then County Surveyor of Antrim, for five years. Eventually becoming Lanyon's principal assistant, Young worked on roads, railroads, jails and bridges. In the early 1850s, Young returned to Belfast to work in private practice as an architect and engineer. While he is well-known in Ireland for his Presbyterian Churches designed in the Gothic Revival style, Young was able to design in various styles for both public and private structures. In 1868, Robert Young partnered with his former pupil, John Mackenzie (1844-1917), to form the firm Young & Mackenzie. Robert Young's son and grandson continued the the firm until 1967, when it passed to other owners.
Cataloging source
Plan of proposed villa drawn for David Dunlop, (architectural drawing)
Located in the LVA General Architectural Files Collection, Folder 27
  • The Library of Virginia
  • 51 1/2 x 40 cm. and smaller.
  • 25 x 20 1/2 cm.
  • 10 sheets
  • 1 sheet
Immediate source of acquisition
  • Donor information unavailable.
  • Donor information unavailable.
  • 36663
  • 36664
Other physical details
  • negative photostats
  • photograph
Representative fraction of scale
Scale : none noted.
Reproduction note
  • Negative photostat.
  • Photograph.
Terms governing use
All requests for reproduction of architectural drawings must be made through the Library of Virginia Photo Services Department.

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