The Resource Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series F, part 3, Selections from the Manuscript Dept., Duke University, general editor, Kenneth M. Stampp, (microform)

Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series F, part 3, Selections from the Manuscript Dept., Duke University, general editor, Kenneth M. Stampp, (microform)

Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series F, part 3, Selections from the Manuscript Dept., Duke University, [1724-1952]
Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War
Title number
Series F, part 3
Title part
Selections from the Manuscript Dept., Duke University
Statement of responsibility
general editor, Kenneth M. Stampp
Inclusive dates
Title variation
Records of antebellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War
Title variation date
  • This accession contains a wide variety of records of families from the upper South, principally North Carolina, Virginia and Maryland, describing farm and plantation management and operations. It documents day to day functions of these agricultural units as well as providing a rich insight into the social life, education, religious life, and family relationships of this portion of the South. There is also information on merchant, milling, and slave-trading operations. The families, whose papers are a part of this collection, also had property in other areas, especially, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee and Kentucky, and there is abundant information on agricultural practices and society in those states. The collection covers the colonial period, the Revolution, antebellum, Civil War, and postbellum periods. The papers are divided by state and then by individual or family
  • Papers, 1757-1885, of Henry Toole Clark, a planter in Edgecombe County, North Carolina, consisting of correspondence, financial papers, legal papers, speeches, and a census. Correspondence covers Clark's business and agricultural concerns in Edgecombe County, as well as Tennessee and Alabama; agriculture, slavery, state and national politics, the Civil War in North Carolina, temperance, and family matters. Financial papers contain bills, receipts, and slave lists concerning Clark's plantations. Legal papers concern shipment of slaves to Alabama and also land transactions. Papers also include the correspondence of Clark's father James West Clark (1779-1843), who served as chief clerk of the Navy Department in Washington, D.C., from 1829 to 1831, concerning department business, social life, politics, and his separation from his wife Arabella E. Clark and his family. Papers also include a manuscript census, 1775, of Pitt County, North Carolina
  • Papers, 1803-1877, of Henry W. Jones (1792-1871), Justice of the Peace in Granville County, North Carolina, consisting of correspondence, legal and financial papers, memorandum books, daybooks, and tax lists. Topics covered in the correspondence included the Methodist and Baptist faiths, religion, agriculture in North Carolina and in Kentucky, tobacco planting, slavery, livestock, agricultural markets, railroads, hard times during the Civil War, and news of the front. Legal and financial papers contain election results, tax records, and warrants, as well as files on slave purchases and activities, tobacco and cotton sales, and whiskey production. Memorandum books and daybooks give insight on Jones' agricultural operations
  • Papers, 1762-1912, of Samuel Smith Downey (b. ca. 1792) of Granville County, North Carolina, consisting of correspondence and business papers. Correspondence discusses living conditions, family life, and courtship and marriage in Virginia and North Carolina during the late 18th and early 19th centuries; Presbyterians in Granville County; Downey’s Granville County and his Mississippi plantations; tobacco and its sale; slavery and slaves in Granville County and in Mississippi; railroads; legal matters; the Civil War; family news; and personal matters. Business papers contain accounts of sale of tobacco and wheat; document the tobacco trade in North Carolina; and also the business of slavery. Business papers also include tax receipts; and accounts for households, estates, and education. Papers include the business papers of Ephraim Macquillen of Richmond, Virginia, containing correspondence , bills and receipts, and reports on markets, from businesses in New York, New York, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Boston, Massachusetts. Also includes the business papers of Isaac H. Davis concerning tobacco and cotton
  • Account book, 1848-1855, of Isaac Brooks Headen (d. 1852), physician of Chatham County, North Carolina, detailing a medical practice in central North Carolina. Contains itemized entries for visits to patients and specific medicines are listed. Includes entries for treatment of slaves. Also includes inventories of notes and accounts belonging to Headen's estate. Also contains an inventory for the estate of G. S. Fields, for which one of Headen's children was an administrator
  • Papers, 1841-1897, of Archibald H. Boyd of Rockingham County, North Carolina, consisting of business correspondence between Boyd and Samuel R. Browning, a slave trader in Louisiana, that provide reports on the health of slaves, the condition of the slave market, and accounts of transactions. Correspondence mentions frequent cholera epidemics in Lousiana. Papers also include correspondence of James E. Boyd which discusses the Civil War and its effects on central North Carolina, North Carolina politics, Boyd's position as U.S. Attorney for the Western District of North Carolina, and his stock ownership in various Southern public companies during Reconstruction
  • Papers, 1784-1855, of Obadiah Fields (b. ca. 1796) of Rockingham County, North Carolina, concerning his activities as a slave trader in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia
  • Papers, 1807-1865, of the Jarratt-Puryear family of Surry and Yadkin Counties, North Carolina, and Alabama, Arkansas, and Texas. Topics covered are agriculture; slave trade in North Carolina and Alabama; Isaac Jarratt's mercantile business in Huntsville, Alabama; health of slaves; North Carolina and national politics; travel in the South, especially North Carolina and Alabama; conditions in Florida, Arkansas, and Texas; life and education of women in North Carolina; medical education; and the Civil War in North Carolina, Arkansas, and Texas. Account books contain accounts of Jarratt's slave trading in the 1830s and his settlement of estates in the 1840s, as well as accounts of freedmen in the 1870s, all in Surry County
  • Papers, 1806-1882, of Tyre Glen (ca. 1801-1875) of Surry County, North Carolina, consisting of business papers relating to his activities as a slave trader in North Carolina and in Alabama. Also includes accounts of his duties as a postmaster in Yadkin County, North Carolina, and as a merchant in Yadkin County and in Rowan County, North Carolina. Papers also detail effects of the Civil War on Glen's business and his family, as well as his post-war career as a merchant
  • Papers, 1748-1887, of George F. Davidson, lawyer and planter of Iredell County, North Carolina, consisting account books and diaries detailing expenditures and activities on his plantation and containg receipts, as well as account books and correspondence relating to the settlement of the estate of Rufus Reid. Papers also include the papers of the Latta family of North Carolina detailing the operations of their plantations and their involvement in trade. Papers also contain correspondence concerning land and timber in Newton County, Georgia; terms for renting land and hiring slaves; life in Mississippi; the Civil War, slavery, and the Confederacy; and the missionary work of John W. Davis in China
  • Papers, 1859-1920, of A. J. K. Thomas of Iredell County, North Carolina, consisting of Thomas's diary for 1859-1861, which discusses Thomas's religious views, churches in Iredell County, slave sales, formation of a temperance society, college functions, election results, and books. Papers also contain other items relating to Iredell County
  • Papers, 1731-1891, of Battaile Muse (1750-1803) of Berkeley County, Virginia (now Jefferson County, West Virginia), consisting of correspondence, account books, daybooks, memoranda, memorandum books, lists, and rent rolls concerning Muse's work as agent for Tidewater planters, including the Fairfax family, the Mercer family, and George Washington (1732-1799), owning large tracts of land in that part of Virginia. Papers chronicle Muse's duties of collecting rents, managing overseers, and supervising mill and market activities. Topics include agriculture, treatment of slaves, overseers, social life, the American Revolution, and tenants. Papers also include account books of the Lewis family concerning the operation of plantations and higher education. Papers include four letters, 1847-1848, to Joseph E. N. Lewis concerning a dispute among the faculty of the College of William and Mary
  • Papers, 1746-1789, of Henry Fitzhugh (1723-1783) of Bedford plantation in Stafford County, Virginia, containing ledgers, letterbooks, letters, invoices, and miscellaneous documents. Ledger, 1747-1789, contains mercantile accounts from the plantation store at Bedford, listing customers, items, sold, and services performed; mention of the painter John Messelius; accounts with English and Scottish factors; and rent rolls. Letterbook contains correspondence concerning factors to conduct his business concerns and personal purchases, complaints about low price of tobacco and high price of merchandise, management of his plantations, and his search for better lands westward. Letterbook includes invoices, 1747-1774, for sales of agricultural products and purchase of merchandise and slaves. Letterbook also contains correspondence commenting on family and personal matters, horse breeding and swapping, and Fitzhugh's military service as a colonel of the militia during the French and Indian War
  • Papers, 1772-1794, of Robert Carter (1728-1804), planter of Nomini Hall in Westmoreland County, Virginia, consisting of letter books, daybooks, deed of emancipation, and religious notes. Letter books, 1772-1793, consist of correspondence concerning the operations of Carter's several plantations, agricultural matters, slaves and slavery, milling of corn and wheat, shipment of produce, storekeeping, methods of payment for bills, and Carter's changing religious beliefs. Papers contain a deed of emancipation, 1791, which lists over 450 slaves on 18 plantations giving name, gender, age, location, and name of mother. Deed notes that slaves are to be freed in twenty-one increments between 1791 and 1810. Papers also include a volume containing religious notes, 1777-1779, made by Carter. Daybooks, 1773-1793, detail Carter's travels to his various plantations, his family, social life, agricultural activities, slaves' work and lives, harvests, cultivation of tobacco, milling of grain, and overseers. Books contain notes on church attendance, preachers, and sermon notes, as well as notes on moral principles and doctrine of free grace. One volume contains genealogical notes. The letter books and some of the daybooks are indexed
  • Papers, 1851-1876, of Mary E. C. Gilliam (b. ca. 1813) of Dinwiddie County, Virginia, consisting of account books, copybooks, exercise books, and letters. Account book, 1856-1872, contains printed instructions for farm and plantation managers, entries of work done at Gilliam's farm, entries on overseers' work, quarterly inventories, and post-bellum freedmen’s accounts. Volumes include two copybooks with historical dates and important events in world history, and an alphabet and ledger and a daybook and journal for bookkeeping. Letters include a letter probably to John W. Gilliam with instructions to a young man on how to conduct himself at the Virginia Military Institute; letters from John W. Gilliam in Texas to his mother Mary E. C. Gilliam concerning his life there; and papers concerning tobacco sales and tannery accounts
  • Papers, 1817-1861, of Francis Everod Rives (1792-1861) of Sussex County and Petersburg, Virginia, consisting of a slave sales book, 1817-1837, of the parternship of Rives, Peyton Mason, Sr., and Peyton Mason, Jr., detailing their slave trading business. Papers include letters, 1843-1848, to and from Rives concerning his interests in the Petersburg Railroad and his journey to Europe in 1848, including a discussion of the Revolution of 1848
  • Papers, 1783-1825, of Peter Barksdale (1757/8-1825) of Halifax County, Virginia, consisting of correspondence discussing slave purchases; agriculture, including price of tobacco and markets for corn; and Barksdale's mercantile business. Letters also discuss Elisha Barksdale's career as a tobacco planters and his involvement with the Dan River Baptist Association, as well as the death of a slave while working at the Etna Iron Works, and a proposal to buy a slave. Letters also discuss Frances E. and Cornelia M. Barksdale's education in Danville, Bedford County, and Richmond, Virginia; Edward Barksdale's education at the University of Virginia and Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Albert W. Barksdale's education at Richmond College; and Rebecca F. Barksdale's education at Greensboro (North Carolina) Female College. Letters also contain correspondence between Cornelia M. Barksdale Quarles and her husband John W. Quarles of Tennessee concerning personal and family matters as well as a cholera epidemic in Tennessee in 1849. Correspondence of Nathaniel B. Read of Nashville, Tennessee, discusses business and the stabbing of Senator Ephraim Hubbard Foster of Tennessee. Letters also discuss the operation of the Union Iron Works in Patrick County, Virginia, during the Civil War, and discuss events and religion in Halifax and Pittsylvania Counties, Virginia, after the Civil War
  • Papers, 1849-1876, of William A. J. Finney (b. ca. 1834) of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, consisting of correspondence concerning Finney's business as a slave trader, as well as family and personal news. Letters also discuss the Civil War, including Finney's efforts to raise a company, his efforts to hire a substitute, the battle of Big Bethel, the wounding and capture of George Finney, the maintainence of the Danville Railroad, and appeals for food. Post-war letters concern Finney's political activities in Virginia
  • Papers, 1836-1854, of James A. Mitchell (b. ca. 1795) of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, containing a journal detailing Mitchell's work as a slave trader and his trip to Mississippi to sell slaves. Papers also include correspondence concerning the death of a slave Mitchell sold and his refunding the cost. Other correspondence concerns the practice of law during the 1840s and 1850s
  • Papers, 1804-1898, of John Buford (b. ca. 1824) of Bedford County, Virginia, consisting of correspondence concerning track construction for various railroads; the hire of slave labor for railroad work; payment for hire, clothing, and health of the hired slaves; accidental deaths of laborers; insurance claims; procurement of railroad ties and naval stores; and financial matters, including contracts, methods of payment, bonds, cash considerations, and fiscal embarrassments. Correspondence also discusses the salt works at Saltville, Washington County, Virginia, and the James River and Kanawha Canal. Letters also discuss courtship, travel from Cuba to Nebraska, Texas, social gatherings, Baptist and Methodist revivals, an epidemic, politics in Jackson County, Missouri, and in Kansas. Papers also contain bills and receipts
  • Papers, 1814-1863, of Floyd Lee Whitehead (1804-1884) of Nelson County, Virginia, consisting of papers, 1828-1845, concerning the sheriff's office of Nelson County. Papers detail the cost of road maintainence and other duties, and contain court summonses, certificate about a female slave causing trouble, and information about slaves and a free black had stolen banknotes. Papers also include bills and receipts detailing Whitehead's purchase of slaves and personal items, and notes concerning tobacco markets and prices. Papers also contain an account books consisting of details of Whitehead's slave trading business with Ralph W. Lofftus and later under the name of Whitehead and Hargraves, including prices paid and received for slaves, profits, expenses, and lists of individuals who traded with Whitehead. Papers also include a description of two slaves of James L. Penn, and a contract for the sale of wheat. Papers also contain a scrapbook containing newsclippings of Henry Clay (1777-1852), the Whig party, and the tariff. Accounts for purchase of food and drink are interspersed with the clippings
  • Papers, 1848-1858, of Joseph Dickinson of Franklin County, Virginia, consisting of four letters written to Dickinson as chief member of the slave trading firm Dickinson, Hill and Company, containing reports regarding the Richmond slave markets. Reports contain market prices, and numbers of individuals to be sold in Richmond. One letter details the experiences of a slave trader in Marion, Alabama
  • Papers, 1845-1858, of D. M. Pulliam of Richmond, Virginia, concern Pulliam's partnership with Langhorne Scruggs in a slave trading company. Includes a notice, 1845, to Scruggs concerning the purchaser of three slaves who failed to make prompt payment and requesting Scruggs to withhold money due that individual until the debt is paid. Papers also include to letters from Pulliam to Scruggs commenting on the Richmond slave market
  • Papers, 1857-1860, of George N. Thrift of Doddridge County, (West) Virginia, consisting of correspondence to Thrift while he attended Brookhill School and Locust Grove Academy in Albemarle County, Virginia. Correspondence includes letters from his mother concerning the settlement of his father's estate and the division of slaves, as well as other family news; letters from his sister S. Thrift, attending the Virginia Female Institute in Staunton, Virginia, concerning her studies there; and letters from friends of Thrift concerning local social gatherings
  • Papers, 1724-1883, of William Bolling (1777-1845) of Bolling Hall in Goochland County, Virginia, consisting of corresponcence of the Bolling family. Papers include Thomas Bolling's (1735-1804) correspondence with English merchants concerning the sale of wheat and tobacco and the purchase of goods, as well as correspondence regarding William Bolling's management of his father Thomas's estate and ensuing lawsuits. Correspondence also details William Bolling's operation of his plantations; overseers; the prices of wheat and tobacco; slaves; milling industry; Bolling's military service during the War of 1812; the lives and education of Bolling's deaf siblings and children; and John Braidwood's school for the deaf. Papers also include Thomas Bolling's correspondence while attending the University of Virginia, commenting on the school and mentioning Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), and while managing his father William Bolling's plantation while the latter served in the General Assembly, both providing personal and family news. Papers also include papers of William Mewburn concerning the Oxford Iron Works in Campbell County, Virginia; the Oxford estate; Mewburn's Powhatan County, Virginia, plantation; and his son William R. Mewburn who became a ward of William Bolling. Papers also contain the correspondence of the Roberston family of Campbell County consisting of family news, including letters describing a tour to Rome and to Switzerland
  • Papers, 1767-1858, of James McDowell (1795-1858), planter and politician of Rockbridge County, Virginia, containing correspondence, accounts, bills, legal papers, lists of property, memoranda, overseers’ contracts, and receipts. Correspondence consists of letters to and from McDowell's overseers at various plantations discussing McDowell's land and agricultural interests, including slaves. Letters comment on land speculation, banking, financial affairs, social news, and family and personal matters. Letters include include correspondence from relatives and business agents in Kentucky regarding business and social activities, as well as containing details of agriculture, land sales, and other concerns. Correspondence also concerns McDowell's land holdings in Lowndes County, Mississippi. Papers also include correspondence of McDowell's father James McDowell (1770-1835) discussing business, including land speculations and holdings in Virginia and Kentucky, as well as family matters
  • Papers, 1738-1902, of William Henry Hall (ca. 1763-1844), planter of Anne Arundel County, Maryland, consisting of account books, bills, exercise books, letters, receipts, and wills. Letters consist mainly of business correspondence with merchants in Annapolis and Baltimore, Maryland, and London, England, discussing the tobacco, wheat, and lumber markets. Bills and receipts contain invoices, lists, charges, and other accounts concerning the sale and purchase of products, as well as estate papers for members of the Hall family, including John Hall (ca. 1717-1790). Papers relating to John Hall also include his will and legal papers concerning the settlement of his estate. Account books detail the operation of the Hall plantation, including agricultural reports, overeers' contracts, medical accounts, and slaves. Also included is the exercise book, 1850-1853, used by Harriet Hall for her education. Correspondence also discusses the experiences of an American sailor impressed into the British navy; life on a plantation in South Carolina, including a planned slave insurrection; religion; temperance; and family matters
  • Papers, 1775-1784, of Edward Downes, planter of Queen Anne's County, Maryland, consisting of a ledger, 1775-1783, detailing his personal, business, and family expenses. Contains entries made by Downes as a storekeeper, and also records his operation of his plantation which grew corn, wheat, oats, beans, and tobacco. Also includes accounts of Downes as a storekeeper and a planter, including plantation rental, hire of slaves, a midwife, prizing, cooperage, carriage, and tobacco inspection, family expenses, and other matters. Ledger also contains military accounts during the American Revolution for recruitment expenses, bounties, hiring of a substitute, and cost of cockades, drummers, and fifes. Also accounts for artisans such as wheelwrights, tanners, shommakers, and brickmakers. Ledger also contains Downes' account with the tax collector. Papers also include financial papers concerning Downes' property of "Fairplay," notations about a harvest in 1784, and an account, 1781, of slave hires
  • Papers, 1807-1879, of Richard D. Burroughs (d. 1871) of Prince George's County, Maryland, consisting of accounts, estate papers, letters, and memorandum books. Accounts consist of personal, household, and agricultural accounts concerning crops, livestock, slaves, medical visits, purchases, and the local parish. Accounts include post-Civil War freedmen's accounts and lists of items purchased. Estate papers concern Burroughs' administration of his aunt's estate. Letters include correspondence from Richard Davis of Georgetown, District of Columbia, requesting financial assistance and providing news; from John William Burroughs regarding his education at Georgetown College in D.C., and at the College of St. James in Hagerstown, Maryland, including monthly reports on him from those schools, and comparing the lives of slaves in Alabama and in Maryland; from Richard D. Burroughs to his wife Caroline detailing trips to springs in Virginia. Post-war letters discuss sales of wheat and tobacco, as well as the estate of Richard D. Burroughs. Memorandum books detail Burroughs' farming activities, including overseers' agreements and accounts
  • Papers, 1813-1815, of Governor Levin Winder (1756-1819) of Maryland consisting of papers relating to an alleged insurrection of free blacks and slaves in Frederick County, Maryland, including lists of those arrested and jailed, lists of jurors for the trial, and the sentences imposed; report from Governor Winder regarding the state of affairs in Maryland and containing recommendations for legislation, noting the problems of defense by the militia against the British army and the costs of supporting the militia, as well as recommending a state-wide system of general education; and requests and recommendations for appointment to office in Maryland
  • Account book, 1812-1826, of Solomon Davis (1774-1822) of Montgomery County, Maryland, detailing plantation, merchant mill, St. Peter's Church, and family matters. Accounts document sale and purchase of tobacco, wheat, corn, whiskey, clover, and goods and services. Accounts also note payment for waggonage and commissions, as well as cash transactions. Accounts also contain slave sales and accounts of free blacks. Volume also contains recipes for horse medicines; family birth, marriage, and death records; and possibly some slave family records
  • Daybook, 1855-1858, of L. A. Barr, farmer of Frederick County, Maryland, containing income and expenses, as well as documenting day-to-day life at "Piedmon" in Frederick County. Includes accounts noting the purchase of clothing and supplies for slaves, and cash given to them, as well as the hire of slaves and free blacks to perform labor. Daybook discusses the raising of crops and livestock, and Barr's purchases of tobacco, food, and other goods
  • Papers, 1780-1851, of the Lee family of Frederick County, Maryland consisting of papers, letters, financial papers, and legal papers of Governor Thomas Sim Lee (1745-1819), his son John Lee (1788-1871), and his son-in-law Outerbridge Horsey (1777-1842). Papers, 1780-1794, detail the governorship of Thomas Sim Lee, especially his organization of the state militia. Papers include a report on the procurement of blankets, and documents on the transport for sale into slavery of free blacks in Dorchester County, Maryland, to Hillsborough, North Carolina. Letters, 1833-1851, concern the partnership of John Lee and Outerbridge Horsey in a suger plantation in Lousiana and discuss its management and operation, including sale of its crop, its slaves, and its debt. Financial papers, 1833-1836, contain bills, receipts, and accounts documenting the operation of the plantation. Legal papers, 1836-1843, chronicle the dissolution of Lee's and Horsey's partnership in the suger plantation and the resulting suit initiated by Horsey
  • Papers, 1798-1952, of Thomas E. Buchanan of Washington County, Maryland, consisting of correspondence of his father, John Buchanan (1772-1845) detailing his judicial responsibilities, business concerns, his plantation "Oakland," and family matters. Includes letters to his wife while in Europe to secure a loan for the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, and a letter from President John Tyler (1790-1862) concerning politics in Maryland. Papers also include letters to Thomas E. Buchanan concerning the rental of farms, the settlement of an estate, and other business. Papers also contain correspondence to Ann Dandridge Buchanan, wife of Thomas E. Buchanan, from her family in Berkeley County, (West) Virginia, commenting on family and social life and education. Papers include correspondence of Dabney Harrison of Cumberland County, Virginia, and Berkeley County, regarding his education at Princeton University, University of Virginia, and the Union Theological Seminary; life at home in both Cumberland and Berkeley Counties, and social and family news. Letters document the Buchanan-Dandridge family opposition to secession, and post-Civil War letters discuss social and family matters of the Buchanan, Dandridge, Thomas, and Washington families
Member of
Accessioned and Described
Cataloging source
Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series F, part 3, Selections from the Manuscript Dept., Duke University, general editor, Kenneth M. Stampp, (microform)
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
Immediate source of acquisition
University Publications of America
Positive negative aspect
normal reduction
Reproduction note
Specific material designation
microfilm reel
Type of unit



Member of

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
Processing Feedback ...