The Resource Records of southern plantations from emancipation to the great migration, Series A | Part 2, Selections from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University | North Carolina and Virginia plantations, general ed., Ira Berlin, (microform)

Records of southern plantations from emancipation to the great migration, Series A | Part 2, Selections from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University | North Carolina and Virginia plantations, general ed., Ira Berlin, (microform)

Records of southern plantations from emancipation to the great migration, Series A | Part 2, Selections from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University | North Carolina and Virginia plantations, 2001
Records of southern plantations from emancipation to the great migration
Title number
  • Series A
  • Part 2
Title part
  • Selections from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University
  • North Carolina and Virginia plantations
Statement of responsibility
general ed., Ira Berlin
Inclusive dates
  • This collection principally consists of the papers and records of postbellum tobacco and cotton plantations in North Carolina and Virginia. Materials date primarily from 1863-1915 and consist of personal and family correspondence, store account books, rental account books, farm ledgers, legal records, cash books, and a diary. Contains information on the credit system that developed following the war, postbellum store owners and the accounts of freedmen, the Freedmen's Bureau, the southern labor system including African American wage labor, sharecroppers, the African American experience following the Civil War, African American politicians, slavery, abolitionism and abolitionists, and Civil War, Reconstruction and New South politics
  • SERIES I. Samuel T. Carrow Papers, 1866-1877. Consists of two ledgers of Samuel T. Carrow, owner of a store and large farm in Washington, North Carolina. Ledger, 1866-1869, records sales of food, tobacco, clothing, and farm equipment and notes payment by barter, labor, or cash. Ledger, 1868-1877, consists of additional store accounts, records of labor, and notes pertaining to Carrow's employment as a sheriff
  • SERIES II. George Nelson Hill Diary and Account Book, 1869-1872. Contains the diary of George Nelson Hill, a Brunswick County, North Carolina, politician and farmer, including entries concerning the weather, agricultural labor, state politics and elections, and education. An account book consists of entries for labor performed by agricultural workers on his farm
  • SERIES III. John Humphrey Small Papers, 1720-1946 (bulk 1853-1916). Principally consists of the correspondence of, by, or concerning John Humphrey Small, a Beaufort County, North Carolina, plantation owner and United States Congressman. Letters from 1853-1890 primarily concern the legal and business affairs of Small's father-in-law Rufus W. Wharton. Other correspondence regards the 1898 Congressional election, thoughts on African American political views, and the Populist movement. Correspondence from 1906 includes detailed records of agricultural wages paid and the farm production
  • SERIES IV. Hugh MacRae Papers, 1817-1943 (bulk 1852-1887). Consists of the correspondence of the MacRae family of Wilmington, North Carolina, and Florida, including discussion of family matters, railroads, family business matters, secession, and Civil War letters concerning camp life and battles. Also contains correspondence concerning Reconstruction politics and economics, African American experiences in Reconstruction, freedmen, the military occupation of Wilmington in 1867, the desegregation of railroad cars, the elections of 1870-1871, and the family's land in Florida
  • SERIES V. David Miller Carter Papers, 1858-1903. Comprises the account books of David Miller Carter, Rufus Watson Wharton, and the Cain and Cornelius Company of Hyde County, North Carolina. Carter's account book, 1858-1869, includes records of purchases from New York City merchants, accounts from his store for purchases of farm equipment and food, and agricultural labor accounts. Wharton's account book, 1889-1903, details cotton production and sales and accounts with tenants. The Cain and Cornelius account book, 1859-1863, consists of the accounts of their furniture and undertaking business. Also includes a muster roll for Company E, Fourth Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, a brief biography of David Miller Carter and background information on Cain and Cornelius
  • SERIES VI. Henry W. Malloy Papers, 1846-1899. Includes records of African American laborers hired in the late 1840's, a list of property from the estate of Alexander Malloy including the names of his slaves, and a lien agreement between William McNair and McRae, John, and McEachin
  • SERIES VII. John C. Van Hook Papers, 1865-1882. Consists of correspondence, a daybook, and an account book. Correspondence concerns general labor agreements with African Americans and records of tobacco sales in Virginia and North Carolina. W. E. Wilbon daybook, 1871, details store sales of food, clothing and tobacco. John C. Van Hook account book, 1877-1882, covers tobacco sales and tenant and agricultural laborers' accounts
  • SERIES VIII. Albert J. Williams Papers, 1905-1935. Contains five ledgers, 1905-1935, detailing the transactions at Albert J. Williams' store in Wayne County, North Carolina. Includes accounts for sale of groceries, tobacco, and kerosene. Notes payments made by barter and labor
  • SERIES IX. Manchester Ward Weld Papers, 1847-1872. Includes a record book from Weld's work as an agent for the Freedmen's Bureau in Harnett and Moore Counties, North Carolina, in which he describes African American attempts to reunite with family and African American disputes over crops, animals and debts
  • SERIES X. Atlas M. Rigsbee Account Books, 1859-1905. Consists of fifty-seven volumes comprising a farm ledger, rent ledgers, store account books, cash books, and daybooks kept by Atlas M. Rigsbee, a store owner and substantial property owner in Durham, North Carolina. These volumes record transactions in Rigsbee's store, plantation operations, accounts with sharecroppers and agricultural laborers, and accounts with tenants. The account books are principally for Rigsbee's general store, but also contain account information related to tenants and sharecroppers. After 1890 tenants' and sharecroppers' accounts were maintained in separate ledgers from the store account books
  • SERIES XI. William Horton Peace Jenkins Papers, 1845-1925 (bulk 1845-1916). Includes account books, 1845-1916, of William Horton Peace Jenkins, a plantation and store owner in Granville County, North Carolina, covering accounts with agricultural laborers and tenants. Account books note goods purchased and payments for labor. They also record the sale of the estate of Josiah Peace including the names and ages of slaves sold, personal finances, taxes, and tobacco and cotton sales accounts. Also includes Mount Energy School ledgers, 1857-1859, which record tuition payments and the sale of school supplies and a justice of the peace docket book that contains debt and other criminal court cases for Wake County, North Carolina
  • SERIES XII. Thomas Carroll Papers, 1844-1914 (bulk 1844-1900). Consists of the correspondence, financial records, and account books of Thomas Carroll, a planter and store owner in Warren County, North Carolina. Correspondence contains letters from cotton businesses and merchants regarding the cotton market and cotton sales. Financial papers include detailed lists of slaves hired out by Carroll. The account books record the business transactions of the general store owned by Carroll
  • SERIES XIII. Hatchett Family Papers, 1767-1965. Contain correspondence, legal papers, and financial records of a tobacco planting family from Caswell County, North Carolina. Pre-Civil War correpsondence topics include slavery and slave uprisings. Post-Civil War correspondence principally concern family matters, tobacco production, and agricultural labor. There is also an agreement, 1767, regarding the sale of a slave. Financial papers, 1785-ca. 1880, consist of Hatchett family customer and labor accounts, accounts for items purchased by the Hatchetts, and tobacco sales. Labor accounts record plantation work performed by employees of the family
  • SERIES XIV. George Wilmer Turner Papers, 1846-1896. Includes correspondence and financial papers of George Wilmer Turner, a wheat and tobacco planter in Goochland County, Virginia. Correspondence principally concerns family matters including the teaching and clergy careers of his sons, plantation operations, wheat and tobacco sales, Scottish plantation labor, the abolitionist movement, slavery, and African American politicians. Includes frequent correspondence with A. L. Shepherd and Company, Turner's principal wholesale commission merchant. Financial papers primarily concern the sale of wheat and tobacco
  • SERIES XV. George E. Plaster Papers, 1866-1918. Comprises the financial records, agricultural labor accounts, farm accounts, and a ledger of George E. Plaster, a physician and plantation owner in Loudoun County, Virginia. Labor accounts include lists for days worked, tasks performed, and labor expenses. The farm account book records labor accounts and store accounts including food and supplies sold to the laborers. The ledger principally contains accounts of medical prescriptions and visits to patients made by Plaster
  • SERIES XVI. Hall Wilson Papers, 1873-1910. Consists of the papers of a Berkeley and Jefferson County, West Virginia, farmer, including an account book detailing accounts with agricultural laborers, a note about prominent Berkeley County, West Virginia, citizens, miscellaneous financial records, and agricultural labor and tenant contracts
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Cataloging source
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Records of southern plantations from emancipation to the great migration, Series A | Part 2, Selections from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University | North Carolina and Virginia plantations, general ed., Ira Berlin, (microform)
A more thorough description of the individual collections is contained in the finding aid, which also contains a detailed subject index
Base of film
  • The Library of Virginia
black and white
Cumulative index finding aids
Printed guide
Emulsion on film
Form of item
service copy
Immediate source of acquisition
University Publications of America
Organization method
Organized into sixteen series: I. Samuel T. Carrow Papers (misc. reel 2720); II. George Nelson Hill Diary and Account Book (misc. reel 2720); III. John Humphrey Small Papers (misc. reels 2720-2721); IV. Hugh MacRae Papers (misc. reel 2721-2723); V. David Miller Carter Papers (misc. reel 2723); VI. Henry W. Malloy Papers (misc. reel 2724); VII. John C. Van Hook Papers (misc. reel 2724); VIII. Albert J. Williams Papers (misc. reel 2724); IX. Manchester Ward Weld Papers (misc. reel 2725); X. Atlas M. Rigsbee Account Books (misc. reels 2725-2739); XI. William Horton Peace Jenkins Papers (misc. reel 2740); XII. Thomas Carroll Papers (misc. reels 2740-2741); XIII. Hatchett Family Papers (misc. reels 2741-2742); XIV. George Wilmer Turner Papers (misc. reels 2742-2745); XV. George E. Plaster Papers (misc. reel 2745); and Hall Wilson Papers (misc. reel 2745).
Positive negative aspect
Reproduction note
Specific material designation
microfilm reel
Type of unit
reels. (Misc. reels 2720-2745).



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      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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