The Resource Richmond (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records

Richmond (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records

Label
Richmond (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1843-1865
Title
Richmond (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records
Inclusive dates
1843-1865
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Richmond (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1843-1865 (bulk 1861-1865), includes reports of free African Americans in jail for want of register, sales of runaway slaves, slaves requisitioned for public defense, applications to remain in the commonwealth, and free negro certificates
Member of
Action
Described
Biographical or historical data
  • Richmond is located between Henrico and Chesterfield Counties, was named by William Byrd (1674-1744), who envisioned the development of a city at the falls of the James River and with the help of William Mayo laid out the town in 1737. The name probably came from the English borough of Richmond upon Thames, which Byrd visited on several occasions. Richmond was established in 1742 and in 1779 was designated the capital of Virginia effective 30 April 1780. It was incorporated as a town, although "stiled the city of Richmond," in 1782 and was incorporated as a city in 1842. It served as the capital of the Confederacy from mid-1861 to April 1865. Richmond was enlarged by the annexation of Manchester (or South Richmond) in 1910, and by the addition of Barton Heights, Fairmount, and Highland Park in 1914. Further annexations from Chesterfield County occurred in 1942 and 1970.
  • In 1806, the General Assembly moved to remove the free negro population from Virginia with a law that stated that all emancipated slaves, freed after May 1, 1806, who remained in the Commonwealth more than a year, would forfeit his right to freedom and be sold by the Overseers of the Poor for the benefit of the parish. Families wishing to stay were to petition the legislature through the local county court. Beginning in 1837, freed slaves could petition the local courts for permission to remain.
Cataloging source
Vi
Location of other archival material
Additional city of Richmond court records can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm" found on the Library of Virginia web site.
Label
Richmond (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records
Note
These items came to the Library of Virginia in transfers of court papers from Richmond
Arrangement
Arranged chronologically.
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • The Library of Virginia
Extent
.35
Governing access note
There are no restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
Richmond Circuit Court
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
001699198
Terms governing use
There are no restrictions.
Type of unit
cu.ft.

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
Processing Feedback ...