The Resource Roanoke County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Requisition Records

Roanoke County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Requisition Records

Label
Roanoke County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Requisition Records, 1862-1865
Title
Roanoke County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Requisition Records
Inclusive dates
1862-1865
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Roanoke County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Requisition Records, 1862-1865. The collection contains lists and correspondence documenting the requisition of Roanoke County slaves and free African Americans for labor on the defenses of Richmond during the Civil War. The lists document the name, age, owner, and estimated value of slaves eligible for requisition; also included are lists of slaves who were sent to Richmond from Roanoke County in December 1862 and from Big Lick and Salem Depot in January 1865. The collection includes a list of free negroes selected for labor in the Confederate Service by the County Court 30 March 1864. Correspondence between the county court and authorities in Richmond consists of printed requisition orders from the Governor's office, a letter to the county clerk in response to a request for an exemption from an 1865 requisition order, and a letter from the quartermaster department documenting his supervision of 14 Roanoke County slaves in Richmond in December 1862
Member of
Action
Described
Biographical or historical data
  • Roanoke County was named for the Roanoke River. The name is an Indian word meaning shell money. The county was formed from Botetourt County in 1838, and part of Montgomery County was added later.
  • The General Assembly of Virginia passed a law as early as July 1, 1861, calling for the enrollment of free negroes to work in the public service. From 1862 to 1863, at the request of the president of the Confederate States, the General Assembly passed three more laws that requisitioned slaves to work on fortifications and other works of the public defense. Each county and city were alloted a certain number of slaves that had to be provided to the government under the requisition.
Cataloging source
Vi
Location of other archival material
Additional Roanoke County Free Negro and Slave Records can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm" found on the Library of Virginia web site.
Label
Roanoke County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Requisition Records
Note
These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from Roanoke County
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • The Library of Virginia
Extent
  • 5
  • 62
Governing access note
There are no restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
Roanoke County Circuit Court
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
001570838
Terms governing use
There are no restrictions.
Type of unit
  • leaves and
  • p.

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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