The Resource Rockbridge County (Va.) Marriage Register and Processioners' Book

Rockbridge County (Va.) Marriage Register and Processioners' Book

Rockbridge County (Va.) Marriage Register and Processioners' Book, 1779-1830
Rockbridge County (Va.) Marriage Register and Processioners' Book
Inclusive dates
Title variation
Rockbridge County (Va.) Record of Marriages and Surveys,
Title variation date
  • Rockbridge County (Va.) Marriage Register and Processioners' Book, 1779-1830, is divided into two separate sections with different record types. The first section, 1782-1830, is a marriage register. This register, prepared by the county court clerk, records the names of both parties married, the date of the marriage--by day, month and year and name of person by whom married. Of note, a receipt for a peddler's license, issued in February 1816, is found between notations for marriages in August 1823 and November 1823. The pages of this section are unnumbered and there is no index for this section
  • The second section which covers pages 1-15 is a processioners' book. This book records the walking and making of property boundaries and dates from 1779-1806. Information includes for whom the property was surveyed, the date of the survey--either by month, day and year or year, month and day, the number of acres surveyed and the situation (location of the property by geographic landmarks.) Sometimes, the property description was very detailed. There is an internal index to this section. It is arranged, A-Y, by the surname of the individual for whom the land was originally surveyed
Member of
  • Accessioned
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
  • Rockbridge County was formed from Augusta and Botetourt Counties in 1778, and another part of Botetourt was added in 1888. The county was named for Natural Bridge, an exceptional rock formation located in the county.
  • Prior to 1853, when the Commonwealth began recording vital statistics, Virginia marriages were recorded at the county or city level. Beginning in 1661, in order to be married by license, the groom was required to go before the county clerk and give bond with security that there was no lawful reason to prevent the marriage. The license, issued then by the clerk, was given to the minister who performed the service. Once the marriage service was performed, the minister submitted a return to the county clerk. The county clerk recorded these returns along with other marriage records, such as bonds, certificates and licenses, in a marriage register. Written consent from a parent or guardian was needed for individuals younger than twenty-one years.
  • "Processioning consisted of a person or persons appointed by the vestries (later the county court) meeting with the land owners and walking their property boundaries with them and remarking their lines and corners. At least one other person, preferably an adjacent land owner, would accompany the owner and the processioner. Perhaps this "processioning" of people walking the boundaries is the basis for the term "processioning." The objective of this practice seems to have been to prevent boundary disputes between adjacent land owners by renewing and maintaining survey marks. However, most of the marks used were temporary items such as trees and bushes. Processioning was not done annually, nor was the entire county done at the same time. Usually processioning was done by militia districts, or some other governmental subdivision of the county."
  • The original marriage and land records, from which this volume was compiled, were created by the County Court.
Cataloging source
Location of other archival material
  • Additional Rockbridge County Land Records and Marriage Records can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm" found on the Library of Virginia's web site.
  • For an excellent description of processioning lands, consult "A History of Early Spotsylvania" by James Roger Mansfield, pages 80-81 found in the Library of Virginia's book collection.
Rockbridge County (Va.) Marriage Register and Processioners' Book
  • This volume came to the Library of Virginia, under the accession number 37357, in a transfer of court papers from Rockbridge County
  • Microfilm Reel 48 was generated by the Genealogical Society of Utah while filming in the Rockbridge County Circuit Court Clerk's Office
  • The Library of Virginia
  • 1
  • 1
Governing access note
There are no restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
  • Rockbridge County Circuit Court
  • The Genealogical Society of Utah
Terms governing use
Use microfilm copy, Rockbridge County (Va.) Reel 48.
Type of unit
  • v.
  • microfilm reel.

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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