The Resource Ross family correspondence

Ross family correspondence

Ross family correspondence, 1861-1864
Ross family correspondence
Inclusive dates
  • Correspondence, 1861-1864, of the Ross family of Fluvanna County, Virginia, consisting mainly of letters from James Eastin Ross, Nathaniel Wheeler Ross, William Daniel Ross, and their cousin Richard P. White, soldiers in Company C, 14th Virginia Infantry, to the Rosses' mother, Frances H. Ross, and sisters, Lucy W. Ross, Mary Eliza Ross, and Nela F. Ross. The Rosses and White describe camp life, including their health, food, clothing, religion, and guard duty. They recount the movements of their regiment from Jamestown, Virginia; Mulberry Island (now Fort Eustis) and Land's End in Warwick County, Virginia; to Suffolk, Virginia; to the Peninsula campaign, including the battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) and the Seven Days Battles; from the Maryland campaign and the battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg) to the battle of Fredericksburg to the campaign leading to the battle of Gettysburg. They also comment on other battles both in and outside of Virginia, including: Big Bethel, Virginia; the West Virginia campaigns of 1861-1862; first and second Bull Run (Manassas); Lexington, Missouri; Burnside's North Carolina expedition; Fort Donaldson (Tennessee) Monitor-Merrimack fight; Corinth, Mississippi; Morgan's Kentucky raid of 1862; Murfreesboro (Stones River), Tennessee; Vicksburg, Mississippi; Chancellorsville; Brandy Station; and the battle of Winchester, Virginia, in June 1863. They also discuss the Trent Affair when the United States Navy removed two Confederate diplomats from a British vessel
  • Letters comment on Union raids into Fluvanna County; the burning of Hampton, Virginia, by Confederate troops; a religious revival in camp; the use of African American labor in building fortifications and in company camps; and slaves in Fluvanna County. They mention various generals, including General John Magruder's ineptness; a brigade review by General George Pickett; the manuevers of General Jeb Stuart and his cavalry; the death of General Stonewall Jackson; and the military strategies of General Robert E. Lee. They mention President Abraham Lincoln and Union generals George McClellan and Joseph Hooker. Letters describe fraternization with Union troops while on picket duty and hopes for peace. They also discuss social life in Fluvanna County and in Richmond during the war. Other correspondents include Callie Bragg, James Brainard Taylor Bragg, John Micajah Bragg, R. J. Bragg, Benjamin C. Richardson, William P. Ryals, and Luther C. White. Also includes a letter, 22 January 1936 from J. Ross Perkins, nephew of the Ross brothers and donor, giving information on the brothers' fate in the Civil War
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Biographical or historical data
  • James Ross (1791-1859) and Frances Hudson Loving Ross, married 22 February 1827) in Fluvanna County, Virginia, had six children. Their sons, James Eastin Ross (ca. 1834-1863), Nathaniel Wheeler Ross (ca. 1838-1863), and William David Ross (ca. 1837-1863) enlisted in Company C, 14th Virginia Infantry at the beginning of the Civil War. James Eastin Ross was a carpenter before the war, Nathaniel Wheeler Ross a farmer, and William Daniel Ross a manager. James Ross and William Ross were killed in Pickett's Charge at the battle of Gettysburg on 3 July 1863. Nathaniel Ross died of disease two months earlier, 2 April 1863, at the Ross home, in Wilmington, in Fluvanna County. Their sisters Cornelia F. Ross, Lucy W. Ross (1848-1921), and Mary Eliza Ross (1828-1872) remained at home. Mary Eliza Ross married James White (1824-1905). Lucy W. Ross married Philip D. Perkins (1845-1915). One of their children was Joseph Ross Perkins (1877-1949) who graduated with a degree in dentistry from the Medical School of the University of Virginia. He resided in Richmond, Virginia. Perkins and his wife Maggie Parrish Perkins (1884-1973) had at least one child. Perkins is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Richmond.
  • The sons of Pleasant White (1810-1869) and Martha Loving White, Richard Pleasant White (ca. 1840-1864) and Luther C. White were cousin of the Ross brothers. A sergeant in Company C, 14th Virginia Infantry, Richard P. White was wounded 10 May 1864 at Chester Station, and died of his wounds five days later on 15 May. Luther C. White served in the 22nd Virginia battalion and was captured in 1863 at Falling Waters, Maryland, and was released in February 1865. William P. Ryals (ca. 1842-1863) of Company C died of disease 25 February 1863. Benjamin C. Richardson (ca. 1834-1862), a farmer who enlisted in Company C was killed at the battle of Seven Pines on 1 June 1862.
Cataloging source
Ross family correspondence
Some items pulled for conservation needs. Photocopies have been supplied in their place
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
Immediate source of acquisition
Perkins, Dr. J. Ross
Type of unit
cu. ft. (1 box)



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Library Locations

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      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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