Inclusive dates
  • Papers, 1862-1866, of Henry M. Bowden of James City County and Norfolk, Virginia, including accounts, appointments, correspondence, election results, oath of allegiance, and passes. Includes a letter, 31 April 1864, from his daughter, Alice Bowden, regarding life in Williamsburg and attitudes of neighbors towards the family and a statement from Thomas Kemper, 1862, about rental property in Norfolk. Also includes a letter, 3 March 1866, from W. Clinton Thompson, Indianapolis, regarding the Civil War and conditions at Eastern State Hospital in Williamsburg
  • Most of the letters written by Bowden relate to the hardships he endured by staying loyal to the United States government and his efforts to obtain employment and monetary reparations for lost property. Includes a letter, 9 March 1864, to Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury, asking for a government appointment. Of note are appointments and letters to and from Union general Benjamin F. Butler, 1864, in which he obtained a post of financial clerk for the Provost Marshal. Also of note is a letter, 11 October 1865, to General Howard from Bowden, asking for reparations for his home and property lost
Member of
  • Accessioned
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
Henry Moseley Bowden (1819-1871) was born in James City County, Virginia, the son of William Bowden and Mildred Davis Bowden and grew up on his father's farm near Williamsburg. He was married three times, to Elizabeth A.M. White (1839), Esprella Eugenia Ann Ware (1841), and Henrietta Susan Stevens Subblefield (1850). Bowden's brother, Lemuel Jackson Bowden, was the first president of Eastern Asylum in 1851 and Henry Bowden joined the board in 1852. Bowden opposed secession in the May 1861 referendum and his house was stoned and he was shot at several times. After the Union army took control of Williamsburg, Bowden became clerk of Eastern Lunatic Asylum in May 1862. When the army withdrew from the Peninsula he abandoned his home and property in York County and in August 1862 fled to Norfolk, taking most of the hospital's food and supplies. Bowden and his family settled in Norfolk where Bowden worked as a financial agent under the appointment of Union general Benjamin F. Butler. He served on the state constitutional convention of 1867, the Committee on Internal Improvements, commissioner in chancery for the Norfolk City Hustings Court, chaired the Committee on County and Corporation Courts and County Organizations and was appoined in 1870 by President Grant as assessor of internal revenue for the Norfolk district. He also served on the Committees on Finance and on Resolutions and on the Committee on Immigration. He died aboard a train in Isle of Wight County, Virginia, on 11 April 1871.
Cataloging source
Form designation
  • The Library of Virginia
  • 11
  • 16
Immediate source of acquisition
Historical Collectible Auctions
Type of unit
  • leaves and
  • pages.

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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