The Resource Virginia War History Commission First Virginia Council of Defense Records

Virginia War History Commission First Virginia Council of Defense Records

Label
Virginia War History Commission First Virginia Council of Defense Records, 1917-1918
Title
Virginia War History Commission First Virginia Council of Defense Records
Inclusive dates
1917-1918
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
  • The Virginia War History Commission published a history of the First Virginia Council of Defense and an index to their records in Virginia War Agencies, Selective Services and Volunteers (Source Volume 4) (Richmond: 1926, pp. 3-34 and 395-418), edited by Arthur Kyle Davis
  • The First Virginia Council of Defense series is housed in 6 boxes and one oversized folder and is arranged in two (2) subseries. Subseries have been designated for Source Material and Records. The series consists primarily of incoming and outgoing correspondence to the Council particularly Executive Secretary Colonel William M. Hunley, Speakers' Bureau head Lewis H. Machen and Virginia Governor Henry Stuart, and copies of publications, pamphlets and newsletters from the Council of National Defense and from other state councils. It is unknown why some of the records the Virginia Council were filed with Source Materials (Subseries A) and other similar records with Records (Subseries B). Researchers should check both subseries. These records document the activities of the First Virginia Council of Defense in Virginia including such areas as agriculture, food conservation, military matters, publicity, religious forces, Speakers' Bureau, and the Woman's Division
  • The Source Material subseries is housed in 5 boxes and is indexed in Virginia War Agencies, Selective Services and Volunteers (Source Volume 4) (Richmond: 1926, pp. 395-418), edited by Arthur Kyle Davis. The records in this subseries are arranged by topic and sub-heading. Topics include agriculture, farmers, food conservation, fuel conservation, health and morals, industry and labor, Liberty Loans, local councils, military matters, miscellaneous activities of Council, other states, publicity, religious forces, Speakers' Bureau, transportation, Woman's Division and closing period of Council. When this series was originally processed in 2003, not all of the indexed records were extant. Most of the missing records were located in 2005 and have been added to the collection. Unfortunately, very few records are extant for the Woman's Division
  • Records filed under Agriculture include correspondence related to the Boys' Working Reserve and Boy Scouts as aids to farmers, exemption for farm laborers from military service, loans to farmers and offers of land to the government
  • The Food Conservation files list bakers who promise to co-operate with Council in the campaign against acceptance of unsold bread and exemptions from military service sought by ice manufacturers. Harry F. Byrd's appointment as Virginia Fuel Administrator is highlighted in correspondence under Fuel Conservation. Military Matters described the formation of Home Guards, recruiting and training camp activities
  • The Speakers' Bureau correspondence contain replies to letters and telegrams of Lewis H. Machen, dated 25 May 1917 requesting cooperation in the June 1917 speaking campaign and the speaking campaign in the fall of 1917. Additional records include materials submitted by Council's of Defense of other states
  • The Records subseries is housed in 1 box and one oversized folder. This material is not indexed. Records of note include the minutes of the Council of Defense for 1917 and 1918. An oversized scrapbook contains newspaper clippings (Richmond Times-Dispatch and Richmond News-Leader) of the Council's activities from May 1917 to January 1918
Note
Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Virginia War History Commission. (Search Virginia War History Commission as author).
Member of
Action
  • Accessioned
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
The Council of National Defense was created by an act of Congress on 29 August 1916 to coordinate all national resources pertaining to the efficient mobilization and maintenance of the United States armed forces. After the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917, the federal government requested that each state create a State Council of Defense to carry out the duties of the National Council. To comply with this request, Virginia Governor Henry Carter Stuart created an unwieldy organization which included the Agricultural Council of Safety (18 April 1917), Industrial Council of Safety (25 April 1917), and the Virginia Council of Defense (26 April 1917). The duties of each council overlapped but each retained its own identity. The Virginia Council of Defense was essentially an advisory body which coordinated the work of all councils. Governor Westmoreland Davis corrected this situation when he abolished all three councils in February 1918 and organized all defense activities under the Second Virginia Council of Defense. Members of the First Virginia Council of Defense included: General Edward W. Nichols, Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute; L.E. Johnson, President of the Norfolk and Western Railway Company; R. Walton Moore, United States Representative; Homer L. Ferguson, President of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company; Colonel Elijah B. White; Rev. Collins Denny; Dr. Ennion G. Williams, State Health Commissioner; James O. Winston; Richard Evelyn Byrd; D. Lawrence Groner; George B. Keezell; John H. Crockett; Jesse M. Jones; and A.P. Walker.
Cataloging source
VIC
Citation source
  • Davis, Arthur Kyle, ed. VIRGINIA WAR AGENCIES, SELECTIVE SERVICE AND VOLUNTEERS. Richmond: War History Commission, 1926 (pp. 395-418)
  • Salmon, John S., comp. A GUIDE TO STATE RECORDS IN THE ARCHIVES BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985
Label
Virginia War History Commission First Virginia Council of Defense Records
Link
http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/lva/vivadoc.pl?file=vi00958.xml
Note
  • Part of Record Group 66 (Virginia War History Commission)
  • Series XII. First Virginia Council of Defense, 1917-1918
Arrangement
Arranged according to published index.
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • The Library of Virginia
Cumulative index finding aids
  • Inventory
  • Inventory
Extent
1.98
Governing access note
There are no access restrictions
Immediate source of acquisition
War History Commission
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
001503137
Terms governing use
There are no use restrictions.
Type of unit
cu. ft. (6 boxes and 1 oversize folder)

Subject

Genre

Member of

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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