The Resource (microform)


Inclusive dates
Papers, 1865-1869, of John C. Underwood (1809-1873) of Alexandria and Richmond, Virginia, and judge of the United States District Court, concerning the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1867-1868, the state constitution, and its ratification; Reconstruction politics in Virginia and the Virginia Republican party; establishment of a Republican newspaper, and Reconstruction; African Americans in the political process; discussion of cases before Underwood's court, including issues of bankruptcy, and notes on Underwood's legal opinions and decisions; the grand jury; the administrative business of the court, including the clerk's position; the United States marshal for the eastern district of Virginia; a recommendation for a commissioner north of the York River; efforts of William James and his wife to restore him as collector of revenue; requests for building plans and for money; and family and personal news
Member of
  • Accessioned
  • Received
  • Described
Biographical or historical data
John Curtiss Underwood was born 14 March 1809 in Herkimer County, New York, to John Underwood and Mary Curtiss Underwood. Underwood attended Hamilton College and graduated in 1832. He went to Virginia where he was a tutor and there began to study law. Underwood returned to Herkimer County to practice law, but after his marriage, he again moved to Virginia and settled in Clarke County. In 1856, Underwood campaigned for the Republican ticket and was so outspoken against slavery he had to leave the state. Underwood campaigned for Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) in the 1860 campaign, and was rewarded with an appointment as fifth auditor of the treasury in 1861. In 1864, Underwood was appointed judge of the District Court of Virginia. He oversaw the grand jury which indicted Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) for treason. Underwood was also president of the 1867-1868 Constitutional Convention. He married Maria Gloria Jackson 24 October 1839, and they had three children. Underwood died in Washington D.C. 7 December 1873, and was buried in the Congressional Cemetery.
Cataloging source
Form designation
Funding information
Filming funded by The Library of Virginia Foundation with the support of The Roller-Bottimore Foundation and The Robins Foundation.
Location of originals duplicates
The Huntington Library;
  • This collection forms part of the Robert Alonzo Brock Collection at The Huntington Library, San Marino, California
  • The Robert Alonzo Brock Collection was filmed by The Huntington Library in cooperation with The Library of Virginia with funding provided by The Library of Virginia Foundation with the support of The Roller-Bottimore Foundation and The Robins Foundation
  • Microfilmed as arranged by The Huntington Library
  • Reel also includes William H. Barry Papers, 1865-1870
Arranged chronologically.
Base of film
safety base polyester
  • The Library of Virginia
black and white
Emulsion on film
silver halide
service copy
Immediate source of acquisition
The Library of Virginia Foundation, The Roller-Bottimore Foundation, and The Robins Foundation
Positive negative aspect
low reduction ratio
Reproduction note
Specific material designation
microfilm reel
Terms governing use
Should you wish to quote from or reproduce images of any of the materials, you must write to the Librarian of the Huntington Library, 1151 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108, requesting formal permission to do so. Please note that you do not have to obtain permission if you are quoting fewer than fifty words, or if you are only citing the document. Images made with microfilm-reader printers are for research use only and may not be used for publication without permission.
Type of unit

Library Locations

    • Library of VirginiaBorrow it
      800 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, US
      37.5415632 -77.4360805
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