The Resource Auditor of Public Accounts half-pay documents, 1831-1844
- Auditor of Public Accounts half-pay documents, 1831-1844
- Inclusive dates
- Contains a court opinion issued by Richard Stanard and B.W. Leigh on 25 March 1831 regarding half-pay for Virginia Revolutionary War veterans. Also contains one letter written to Thomas L. Moore, Esq. from J.L. Edwards, dated 9 January 1844, regarding information on half-pay claims made by officers in Virginia who fought during the Revolutionary War
- Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Virginia Auditor of Public Accounts. (Search author as Virginia Auditor of Public Accounts).
- Biographical or historical data
- At its first session, which convened on 7 October 1776, the General Assembly passed an act creating a board of three auditors to examine and settle claims concerning receipts and expenditures for military purposes. The confusing financial situation of the state, however, resulted in a series of acts being passed over the next fifteen years elaborating and refining the duties of the auditors. Finally, at its session begun in November 1791, the General Assembly passed an act that combined the duties of the board of auditors and the solicitor general, whose office had been created in 1785 to settle the accounts of the state with the United States, and assigned them to a single auditor of public accounts effective 1 January 1792. The auditor soon became the most powerful fiscal officer in the state. All receipts and disbursements were made only upon his warrant to the treasurer, and his books were the standard against which those of the treasurer were checked.
- The first changes were made as the accounts of the revolutionary era were settled. As the state moved into a period of steady financial and governmental growth in the nineteenth century, the number of accounts and funds maintained by the auditor became excessive. Thus, on 24 February 1823 the General Assembly passed an act creating the office of the second auditor to ease the auditor's burden. Although the second auditor handled several large special funds, the auditor continued to be responsible for most of the accounts concerning the daily operation of state government.
- During its session begun in May 1779 the General Assembly granted half pay for life to officers who served to the end of the Revolutionary War, or who, if their unit was reorganized, were thereby rendered supernumerary officers subject to recall. Virginia defaulted on its half pay claims, however, and by an act of Congress passed 5 July 1832 the United States government assumed these obligations.
- On December 11, 1830, the House of Delegates passed a resolution that the Committee on Revolutionary Claims enquire whether the Commonwealth has any claim to remuneration by the United States Government, for payments made, or for which Virginia is liable, to her revolutionary officers and soldiers, and what course ought to be pursued for the recovery of said claims on the General Government. The House also resolved that the Auditor of Public Accounts be directed to report a statement of the judgments rendered at the last Superior Court of Henrico, for half-pay claimed by officers of the Virginia line during the Revolutionary War.
- Cataloging source
- Citation source
- Salmon, John S., comp. A GUIDE TO STATE RECORDS IN THE ARCHIVES BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985
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