The Resource Winchester (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1814-1857
- Winchester (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1814-1857
- Inclusive dates
- Slaves -- Maryland | Prince George County
- Winchester (Va.)
- Certificates -- Virginia | Winchester
- Slaves -- Emancipation -- Virginia | Winchester
- Free African Americans. -- Virginia | Winchester
- Marriage records -- Virginia | Winchester
- Free papers -- Virginia | Winchester
- Free negro registrations -- Virginia | Winchester
- Local government records -- Virginia | Winchester
- Winchester (Va.) -- History -- 19th century
- Free negro and slave records -- Virginia | Winchester
- Winchester (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1814-1857. The collection contains free negro registrations, 1814-1857; a certificate of non-importation, 1814; and two deeds of emancipation, 1824 and 1856. Registrations include age, a brief physical description, and information documenting the person's free birth or circumstances of emancipation. The collection contains registrations for Berkeley Allen, 1814; Thomas Cook, 1826; Rosanna Robinson, 1841; Kitty Brown, 1842; James and Sarah Elizabeth Weaver, 1846; Robert Webb, 1857; and Robert Mason, undated. Also included in the collection is a deed of emancipation for Lewis, from James Little, 1824; a deed of emancipation for Elizabeth, ("who is also my wife") from Griffin Taylor, 1856 Dec. 31; and a certificate of non-importation from Samuel Smith for Charles, an enslaved person he inherited from his father, and brought to Winchester from Prince George County, Maryland
- Biographical or historical data
- Winchester, in Frederick County, was known first as Opequon, then as Frederick's Town (or Fredericktown), and, finally, upon establishment as a town in 1752, as Winchester. According to tradition, one of the town's founders, James Wood, named the town in honor of his birthplace in England. Winchester was incorporated as a town in 1779 and as a city in 1874.
- Beginning in 1778, slaveholders who brought slaves into Virginia were required to register the slaves with the county court and sign an oath agreeing not to bring slaves into the commonwealth with the intent of selling them.
- An act passed by the Virginia legislature in 1803 required every free negro or mulatto to be registered and numbered in a book to be kept by the county clerk.
- Cataloging source
ContextContext of Winchester (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1814-1857
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