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- Biographical notes on John Penn (1740-1788) of North Carolina, written by John Taylor (1753-1824) of Caroline County, Virginia. Penn was the son of a neighbor and a relative of Edmund Pendleton (1721-1803) of Caroline County, who helped with his education. Penn served as a member of the Continental Congress from North Carolina from 1775 to 1780, signing the Declaration of Independence
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- John Taylor was born December 1753 to James Taylor (d. 1759) and Ann Taylor. After his father's death, his mother sent Taylor to live with his uncle Edmund Pendleton (1721-1803), a prominent Virginia politician. Pendleton saw to his nephew's education which included attending the College of William and Mary. Taylor studied law under Pendleton and was admitted to the Caroline bar in 1774. When the Revolution began, Taylor served as quartermaster for the 2nd Virginia Regiment, then the Continental Congress appointed him judge advocate for all Continental troops in Virginia. Congress then appointed him a major in the 2nd Canadian Regiment, but tired of not seeing active duty, then the perceived incompetence of his commanding officer, Taylor resigned his commission 10 February 1779. Elected to the House of Delegates, Taylor served from 1779 to 1785 (excepting 1782) and 1796 to 1800. In 1789, he retired from the practice of law to pursue his agricultural interests. Three times he was elected to the United States Senate to finish unexpired terms in 1792, 1803, and 1822. Elected to a full term in 1793, he resigned in 1794. Taylor chose not to seek reelection in 1803, and was elected to a full term in 1823 and served until his death. He married Lucy Penn (d. 1831) of North Carolina in 1782 and they had eight children. Taylor, a noted author on agriculture and politics, died in Caroline County 21 August 1824.
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- Biographical notes on John Penn
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