The Resource 1802 Mar. 17
- 1802 Mar. 17
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- 1802 Mar. 17
- Letter, dated 17 March 1802, from Governor James Monroe (1758-1831) of Virginia, to General Joseph Martin (1740-1808) of Henry County, Virginia, concerning the settlement of the boundary between Virginia and Tennessee and Martin's role as a commissioner for Virginia. The other item in accession 23001 (Benjamin Harrison, executive communication, 5 January 1782) is located in the Benjamin Harrison Executive Papers
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- James Monroe was born 28 April 1758 in Westmoreland County, Virginia, to Andrew Spence Monroe (ca. 1721-1774) and Elizabeth Jones Monroe. He attended the College of William and Mary. In 1776, Monroe joined the 3rd Virginia Regiment and served from 1776 to 1780. He was wounded at the Battle of Trenton. Monroe left the army in 1780 and studied law under Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826). Monroe was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1782, representing King George County, Virginia. He represented Spotsylvania in the House of Delegates from 1787 to 1788, and in the ratifying convention for the federal Constitution in 1788. Monroe served as a senator from Virginia in the United States Senate from 1790 to 1794. He was then appointed minister from France in 1794 and served until 1796. In 1799, he was elected governor of Virginia. After his term ended in 1802, he was appointed special envoy to France to help with the Louisiana Purchase. Monroe then served as minister to Great Britain from 1803 to 1807. Returning to Virginia, he served as a delegate from Albemarle County, Virginia, from 1810 to 1811. Monroe was reelected governor in 1811, but resigned a few months into his term to become Secretary of State under James Madison (1751-1836), serving until 1817. Monroe also served as the Secretary of War from 1814 to 1815. Elected President in 1816, Monroe served two terms from 1817 to 1825. He served as president of the Virginia constitutional convention of 1829-1830 until poor health forced him to resign. Monroe married Elizabeth Kortright (1768-1830) of New York, New York, and they had 3 children. Monroe died 4 July 1831 in New York City, and was buried there. He was reinterred in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia, in 1858.
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