The Resource John M. Schofield math and astronomy notebook, 1858-1859
- John M. Schofield math and astronomy notebook, 1858-1859
- Inclusive dates
- Math and astronomy notebook, 1858-1859, kept by John M. Schofield (1831-1906), while he was assistant professor of natural and experimental philosophy at West Point. The volume contains notes and calculations on latitude and longitude, heights and distances, time of day, ballistics, moon culminations, and other atronomical and mathematical exercises
- Biographical or historical data
- John McAllister Schofield (September 29, 1831 – March 4, 1906) was an American soldier who held major commands during the Civil War. He later served as U.S. Secretary of War and commanding general of the U.S. Army. Schofield was born in Gerry, New York, and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1853. He served for two years in the artillery, was assistant professor of natural and experimental philosophy at West Point from 1855 to 1860, and while on leave (1860–1861) was professor of physics at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. Schofield became a major in a Missouri volunteer regiment and served as Chief of Staff to Major Gen. Nathaniel Lyon. In August 1861, He led with "conspicuous gallantry" at Wilson's Creek, and would later be awarded the Medal of Honor. Lyon was killed in the battle. He was promoted to Brigadier General of volunteers on November 21, 1861, and to major general on November 29, 1862. From 1861-63, he performed various military duties in Missouri. In 1864, as commander of the Army of the Ohio, he took part in the Atlanta Campaign under Major Gen.William T. Sherman. In October 1864, Schofield was sent to Tennessee to join Major Gen. George H. Thomas in opposing Lieutenant Gen. John B. Hood. On November 30, he fought Major Gen. John B. Hood in at Franklin. Two weeks later, he took part in Thomas's crowning victory at Nashville. For his services at Franklin, he was awarded the rank of Brigadier General in the Regular Army, and the brevet rank of major general on March 13, 1865.
- After the war, Schofield displayed his skills as an administrator, commanding the 1st Military District in Virginia. He was sent on a special diplomatic mission to France, on account of the presence of French troops in Mexico and to negotiate the removal of the French troops. From June 1868- March 1869, he served as Secretary of War under President Andrew Johnson, after the retirement of Edwin M. Stanton. From 1876-81, he was superintendent at West Point , and from 1888-95, he was Commanding General of the United States Army. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1892 for his actions at Wilson's Creek. He retired as a lieutenant general in 1895. Schofield is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
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- Funding information
- Filming funded by The Library of Virginia Foundation with the support of The Roller-Bottimore Foundation and The Robins Foundation.
- Location of originals duplicates
- The Huntington Library;
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