The Resource Agency history
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- Established by an Act of Assembly in 1976, the Dept. of Planning and Budget was created through the merging of the Division of the Budget and the Division of State Planning and Community Affairs. The duties of the Dept. of Planning and Budget include: the development and direction of an integrated policy analysis, planning and budgeting process within State government; the development, storage, retrieval and dissemination of data on the social, economic, physical and governmental aspects of the State; the formulation of an executive budget; conduct policy and program analysis for the Governor; the establishment of planning districts and standard metropolitan statistical areas; and the development and operation of a system of standardized reports of program and financial performance for management.
- The concept of a "modern budget system" was developed in the early part of the 20th century. In 1916, Governor Westmoreland Davis appointed the Commission on Economy and Efficiency to study the organization and administration of government on both the local and state levels. In 1918, the Commission recommended the creation of a formalized budget system, and the office of the Secretary of the Budget was created by an act of the General Assembly in that same year. The Secretary of the Budget was appointed by the Governor to serve as the Governor's chief budget assistant, with the Governor being the Chief Budget Officer of the state. In 1927, the Division of the Budget was created, with its Director being appointed by the Governor.
- The Division of the Budget had responsibility over many areas over the years including: personnel, now held by the Dept. of Human Resource Management; the Insurance Advisory Board, now called the Office of Risk Management within the Dept. of General Services; Industrial Engineering and Grounds and Buildings, now governed by the Dept. of General Services; and records management, now overseen by the Library of Virginia.
- Virginia's first planning board was appointed by Governor Pollard in 1933 in compliance with the Federal Emergency Public Works Act of 1933 (part of the National Industrial Recovery Act). This special board continued its work until becoming the Virginia State Planning Board in 1938. The duties of the Virginia State Planning Board were to: collect and correlate data relating to state development; prepare a synopsis of planning work accomplished and in progress; prepare maps of existing conditions; coordinate development plans; encourage and aid in the organization of local and regional planning boards; and cooperate with federal agencies.
- In 1949, the Virginia State Planning Board became the Division of Planning and Economic Development within the Dept. of Conservation and Development. In 1958, the Division of Industrial Development was created, replacing the Division of Planning and Economic Development. The Division of Industrial Development was charged with the following: assist in advertising Virginia as a location for new industry; provide information to industries regarding industrial sites, natural resources, and labor supply; formulate, promulgate and advance programs throughout the state for the purpose of encouraging new industries to locate to Virginia; and all duties of state planning. In recognition of the planning duties, the name of the Division of Industrial Development was changed to the Division of Industrial Development and Planning in 1960.
- In 1962, the Division of Industrial Development and Planning was placed under the direct supervision of the governor. The Division of Industrial Development and Planning was responsible for carrying out all phases of the state's program in the field of industrial development. Included in these responsibilities was: the preparation and execution of an effective industrial advertising and promotional program; insure the availability of basic information regarding industrial sites, natural resources and labor supply; and the formulation, promulgation and advancement of programs for the purpose of encouraging the location of new and expanding industries within the state. Advertising duties previously performed by the Division were assigned to the Division of Public Relations and Advertising within the Dept. of Conservation and Economic Development.
- The definition of planning duties was clarified in 1964 when the Division of Industrial Development and Planning was split into two divisions: the Division of Industrial Development and the Division of Planning. The Division of Planning was responsible for: encouraging and fostering the development of the planning process; administering and program of comprehensive planning and research and provide planning assistance to all levels of government; maintaining and accounting for all planning work accomplished in Virginia; and providing recommendations regarding future plans and projects.
- In 1968, the Division of State Planning and Community Affairs was created with the duties associated with basic state-wide planning, internal planning of state agencies, cooperative and joint efforts in planning, and activities related to planning. The Community Affairs portion of the new division was responsible for: collecting statistical information and the distribution of that information to Planning District Commissions, Service Districts and other areas of state government; and providing professional and technical assistance to agencies engaged in the preparation of a service district plan or consolidation agreement. In 1976, the Division of State Planning and Community Affairs merged with the Division of Budget to form the Dept. of Planning and Budget.
- As part of a reorganization of the executive branch of state govenment, the Commonwealth Competition Council was eliminated by the General Assembly (SB 678) effective July 2012. Responsibility for developming and maintaining the commercial activities list was transferred to the Dept. of Planning and Budget.
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