The Resource 1806-1838
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- Records, 1806-1838, of John Holker of Frederick County, Virginia. Includes correspondence regarding various legal matters; the operation, lease, and sale of the Alliance Iron Works and Jacobs Creek Iron Works in Connellsville, Pennsylvania; settlement of accounts; and a report of a robbery at the Holker home. A power of attorney of John Holker, Paris, France, to John Holker, Frederick County, Virginia, is also included. Several items, mostly dated after Holker's death, are receipts and statements of account of his second wife, Ann Davis Stillman Holker
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- John Holker (1745-1822) was the son of Chevalier Jean Holker, an English soldier who had fled to France in 1745 and became a prominent merchant. In 1777 the Holkers assisted the American commissioners in Paris is obtaining supplies, and in 1778 John Holker came to America as French consul and agent for the Royal Marine. In 1780 he was appointed consul general for Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. His private business partnership with financier Robert Morris, which began in 1781, eventually resulted in his dismissal in 1783 as French consul and agent.
- Holder also established business partnerships with Turnbull, Marmie & Company in Philadelphia, and with Parker, Duer & Company in New York City. His association with Parker, Duer & Company ended when Daniel Parker fled to France after the British evacuation of New York in 1783, and his business partnership with Robert Morris ended in 1784 after a dispute concerning settlement of their accdounts. From 1784 until his death in 1822, Holker maintained an estate, "Springsburg," in Frederick County, Virginia, from which he continued to pursue his varied business interests. Much of his attention, however, was directed to his legal efforts to settle his accounts with Robert Morris and to gain settlement throught the French courts of his accounts with Daniel Parker.
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