The Resource 1804-1865
- Inclusive dates
- Registers (lists) -- Virginia | Amelia County
- Road and bridge records -- Virginia | Amelia County
- Free negro and slave records -- Virginia | Amelia County
- Marriage licenses -- Virginia | Amelia County
- Local government records -- Virginia | Amelia County
- African Americans -- Virginia | Amelia County
- African Americans -- Employment -- Virginia | Amelia County
- Amelia County (Va.)
- Amelia County (Va.) -- History
- Livestock. -- Virginia | Amelia County
- African Americans -- Virginia
- Estray records -- Virginia | Amelia County
- Marriage. -- Virginia | Amelia County
- Free African Americans -- Virginia | Amelia County
- The three volumes record the registration of free negroes in Amelia County and cover the years 1804-1835, 1835-1855, and 1855-1865. The registers list the age, name, color, stature, marks or scars, in what court the person was emancipated or whether the person was born free. Some clerks recorded additional information not required by law such as a parent's name. There is no index in any of the volumes
- Free Negro Register, 1804-1835 also contains a register of Estrays, 1791-1819
- Free Negro Register, 1835-1855, also contains a Surveyor of Roads or Road Book, 1836-1855. This is a list, recorded alphabetically, of names of road surveyors and the area of the county for which each surveyor is reponsible for keeping in good maintenance. Following this list is a list of bridges, the undertaker responsible for the maintenance of each, and the expiration date of each term of service
- Free Negro Register, 1855-1865, also contains a Freedmen's Marriage License Book, 1865-1869, that records the date, name of bride and groom, whether the bride is of lawful age, and the name of who gives consent to marry if the bride is not of lawful age. Sometimes the family relationship of the person giving the consent is noted. The first entry is from August 1865 and the last from November 1869. There is no index
- Biographical or historical data
- Amelia County was formed in 1734 from Prince George and Brunswick Counties.
- An act passed by the Virginia legislature in 1803 required every free negro or mulatto to be registered and numbered in a book to be kept by the county clerk.
- In common law an (e)stray is a wandering animal whose owner is unknown. Records of strays are notices of discovery of lost livestock, with reports of commissioners appointed to determine proper reimbursement of the finder for caring for the animals.
- Until 1869 the county court controlled construction, alteration of, and maintenance of roads. Surveyors and viewers were appointed to carry out those duties, although after 1835 the courts had the option of appointing commissioners. The constitution of 1869 created overseers of the roads, whose duties passed in the twentieth century to superintendents of roads.
- Cataloging source
- Form designation
- Amelia County (Va.) Free Negro Registers
ContextContext of 1804-1865
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