The Resource 1916-1918, 1991
- 1916-1918, 1991
- Inclusive dates
- 1916-1918, 1991
- Miners -- Virginia
- Manganese mines and mining
- Adkerson, J. Carson,, (Joseph Carson), 1892-1985
- Powell's Fort Manganese Mine (Shenandoah County, Va.)
- Personal papers -- Virginia | Shenandoah County
- Mining camps -- Virginia
- Shenandoah County (Va.) -- History -- 20th century
- Scrapbook, 1916-1918, 1991, compiled by J. Carson Adkerson (1892-1985) of Powell's Fort Manganese Mine in Shenandoah County, Virginia. The scrapbook contains photographs of mine employees (surveyors, foremen, mechanics, etc.) along with photographs of the mine and its associated buildings including the mine camp. It also has clippings, 1917-1918, from the Shenandoah Herald concerning the mine; a payroll list, 1916, that includes employee's name and wage earned; and photographs of the mine site taken in 1991 by an unknown photographer. Adkerson served as the mine's chief engineer and manager beginning in 1915
- Biographical or historical data
- Joseph Carson Adkerson was born 10 Feb. 1892 in Lynchburg, Virginia, the son of Alonzo Thomas and Lizzie Lillian Carson Adkerson. Shortly after high school graduation, Adkerson went to work in 1912 as an assistant mining engineer for the Piedmont Manganese Corporation, of Lynchburg. He subsequently became chief engineer at Oxford Mining and Manganese Corporation in Lynchburg. In 1915 he became manager and engineer of the Powell's Fort Manganese Mines near Woodstock, Virginia and helped to develop it as one of the premier ore-mining operations for high-grade manganese in the United States. He served between 1916 and 1919 as engineer and manager in charge of the Stockwood Realty Corporation, a subsidiary of the National Carbon Company. In 1919 he became vice-president and general manager of the HyGrade Manganese Company in Woodstock and National Metals Corporation in Washington County. He also served as the consulting engineer for the Cuban and American Manganese Corporation in New York City.
- J. Carson Adkerson resided in Woodstock, Virginia from 1915 until his death death on 15 March 1985, although he lived in Washington, D.C. from the mid-1930's until the early 1960's. Adkerson married Anne Winfield Clower on 11 March 1961. They had no children and she died in 1974. He is buried in Massanutten Cemetery in Woodstock.
- A prominent member of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, Adkerson was instrumental in the 2 Aug. 1927 founding of the American Manganese Producers Association. He was the associations only president for over 40 years and its principal lobbyist. In 1930 he urged the United States to terminate imports of Soviet ore arguing they used slave labor. During World War II he also advised the United States Congress on the production of steel and nonferrous metals, and after the war he advocated building stockpiles from domestic manganese production.
- Cataloging source
- Form designation
- Powell's Fort Manganese Mine scrapbook
- Location of originals duplicates
- Original on file at the Fort Valley Museum, Fort Valley, Virginia.
ContextContext of 1916-1918, 1991
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