The Resource 1779-1860
- Inclusive dates
- Veterans -- Virginia
- State government records -- Virginia
- Bounties, Military -- Ohio
- Military records
- Letters (correspondence)
- Bounties, Military -- Kentucky
- Virginia -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Claims
- Bounties, Military -- Virginia
- Powers of attorney
- The Bounty Warrants consist of individual documents including affidavits, assignments, certificates, certificates of discharge, discharge papers, letters, memos, petitions, power of attorney, receipts, reports, and vouchers. Servicemen submitted various documents such as affidavits of commanding officers and fellow soldiers and discharge papers in order to substantiate their service record. The Governor's Office reviewed and approved or disapproved the applications. The accumulated papers used to verify service are called "Bounty Warrants" if the claim was approved and "Rejected Claims" if the claim was disapproved. If a soldier or sailor died while in service, his heirs were required to submit documentation verifying their status as legal heirs in addition to proof of the veteran's military service
- When a claim was proved, the Governor's Office issued a military certificate to the register of the Land Office (see Land Office Military Certificates) authorizing him to issue a warrant specifying the amount of land to be received and directing the land to be surveyed. The amount of land awarded was based on the rank of the soldier and the amount of time served. Virginia retained no records of the next two steps in the process, which was to have the land surveyed based on the warrant, followed by the issuance of a grant. The first warrant was issued in 1783 and the last in 1876 as heirs of warrantees continued to seek lands for additional service
- Additional physical form
- Also available on microfilm (Revolutionary War Bounty Warrants Reels 1-29).
- Biographical or historical data
- The act of the General Assembly passed on June 22, 1779, which established the Virginia Land Office, also provided for the awarding of bounty lands for specified Revolutionary War military service. The purpose of the bounty land system was to encourage longer military service. In order to qualify for bounty land, a soldier or sailor had to serve at least three (3) years continuously in the State or Continental Line or State Navy. Militia service did not count. The process of obtaining bounty lands was lengthy, and, in many cases, land speculators acquired the right to the land from the veteran or his heirs.
- Cataloging source
- Citation source
- Salmon, John S., comp. A GUIDE TO STATE RECORDS IN THE ARCHIVES BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985
- Form designation
- Bounty warrants
ContextContext of 1779-1860
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