The Resource General Assembly Act for Establishing Public Schools, 1796
- General Assembly Act for Establishing Public Schools, 1796
- Inclusive dates
- Act of the General Assembly which established the public school system in Virginia. The act was passed on 22 December 1796 and called for a system of aldermen elected by the householders in every county. The schools were to teach reading, writing and arithmetic without fees to all free children for up to three years. The salaries of teachers were to be determined and paid for by the people of each county
- Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Virginia General Assembly. (Search author as Virginia General Assembly).
- Biographical or historical data
- The four principal agents of colonial government were Governor, Council, House of Burgesses, and the Judiciary. During the colonial period the Council served as the upper house of the legislative branch of government in Virginia. The state constitution adopted in 1776 reduced the function of the Council of State to an advisory and co-executive role and established the Senate as the upper legislative chamber. The House of Delegates’ predecessor, the House of Burgesses, was modeled after the House of Commons, in Parliament. The House of Burgesses existed from 1643 to 1776. The first session of the General Assembly, which took place in 1776, established the first constitution and made the House of Delegates the most powerful branch in state government. It was not until the constitution of 1851 was adopted that a more equitable balance among the branches of government was established. The primary function of the General Assembly is to review merits of a legislative bill and vote in regard to their adoption or rejection to the bill. Bills can originate either in the Senate or in the House of Delegates. Both chambers can establish study committees, and each serves as a check upon each other to ensure a thorough debate on the merits of each bill.
- Cataloging source
- Citation source
- Salmon, John S., comp. A GUIDE TO STATE RECORDS IN THE ARCHIVES BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985
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