The Resource 1803-1913
- Inclusive dates
- Land subdivision -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Fairfax County (Va.) -- Genealogy
- Fairfax County (Va.)
- Deeds -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Estates (Law) -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Local government records -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Equity. -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Plats -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Wills -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Fairfax County (Va.) -- History
- Chancery causes -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Business enterprises. -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- African Americans -- History
- Debt -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Judicial records -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Land records -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Divorce suits -- Virginia | Fairfax County
- Fairfax County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1803-1913, are indexed into the Chancery Records Index. Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed
- Chancery cases are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality's history
- Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Virginia Circuit Court (Fairfax County). Browse search: Fairfax County (Va.) Circuit Court.
- Biographical or historical data
- Chancery Causes are cases of equity. According to Black's Law Dictionary they are "administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law." A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case.
- Fairfax County was named for Thomas Fairfax, sixth baron Fairfax of Cameron, proprietor of the Northern Neck. It was formed from Prince William County in 1742. Part of Loudoun County was added in 1798.
- Original wills and deeds as well as many other loose papers were destroyed during the Civil War; deed books for twenty-six of the fifty-six years between 1763 and 1819 are missing. Numerous pre-Civil War minute books are missing as well.
- Cataloging source
- Form designation
- Fairfax County (Va.) Chancery Causes
- Location of other archival material
- Additional Fairfax County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm."
- Fairfax County is one of Virginia's Lost Records Localities. Additional Fairfax County Court Records may be found in the Virginia Lost Records Localities Digital Collection.
- See the Chancery Records Index found on the Library of Virginia web site for the chancery records of other Virginia localities.
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