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- Founded in 1819 by Thomas Jefferson, the University of Virginia is located in Charlottesville, Virginia. Diverging from the traditional British and American college designs, Jefferson designed the layout of the University on the concept of the "academic village." Within the academic village were 10 pavilions – each devoted to a particular subject and inhabited by faculty residents. The library served as the focal point of the village.
- After plotting the campus and carefully recruiting faculty from America and Europe, the university opened in 1825 with 123 students enrolled. Subjects studied included philosophy, arts, foreign languages, science, law and medicine, with courses in engineering added soon after.
- The University of Virginia was an exclusively all white male institution, with the exception of summer terms beginning as early in the 1890s, when women and African-Americans were permitted to attend classes. In 1920, the University allowed women over the age of twenty to enroll in graduate programs. African-American students were enrolled in 1951, with Walter N. Ridley as the first African-American graduate in 1953. In 1970, the University of Virginia became a fully co-educational institution, with the admission of women into first-year undergraduate programs.
- In 1987, the grounds of the University of Virginia were named a World Heritage site by UNESCO. In its recommendation, the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) referenced the "ten pavilions which house the professors of the ten schools that make up the University are deliberately based on a distinctive design and are intended to serve as an encyclopedia of classical and neo-classical architectural designs." The ICOMOS report also stated that the University of Virginia "is an outstanding example of a great educational institution from the Age of Enlightenment."
- Cataloging source
- Citation source
- Salmon, John S., comp. A GUIDE TO STATE RECORDS IN THE ARCHIVES BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA BRANCH OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985
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