The Resource Homes for the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, 1918.
- Homes for the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, 1918.
- Inclusive dates
- Business records
- Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company
- Housing. -- Virginia | Hilton -- Designs and plans
- Architectural drawings
- Architecture -- Virginia | Newport News -- 20th century
- Huntington, Henry Edwards, 1850-1927
- Newport News (Va.) -- Buildings, structures, etc
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Virginia | Newport News
- Joannes, Francis Y
- Planned communities -- Virginia | Hilton -- Designs and plans
- Newport News Land Company
- Ferguson, Homer L
- Hilton Village (Newport News, Va.)
- Hilton (Va.) -- History
- Shipbuilding Realty Corporation
- Newport News (Va.) -- History
- Working class. -- Dwellings | Designs and plans
- United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation
- Noland-Clifford Company, Inc
- Housing. -- Virginia | Newport News -- Designs and plans
- Mellon-Stuart Company
- Garden cities -- Virginia -- Designs and plans
- Blumenthal-Kahn Electric Company
- This accession consists of the surviving record set of architectural drawings for the construction of Hilton Village in Newport News, Virginia. The drawings include elevations, floor plans, and details for thirty-five detached or semi-detached residences and ten row house units. In addition, the set includes drawings for outhouses and a combination booster/railroad station. The latter was never constructed
- The verso of each sheet includes the transcribed signatures of representatives from the Shipbuilding Realty Corporation; Mellon-Stuart Co., general contractor; Noland-Clifford Co., Inc., plumbing sub-contractor; and Bluementhal-Kahn Electric Co., electrical sub-contractor
- Biographical or historical data
- Hilton Village, the first government-built housing development in the United States, was born out of a need for worker housing in the shipbuilding industry. During World War I, a severe lack of housing prevented companies such as the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company from filling the demand for American ships from European allies. Armed with a thorough economic study of the total cost, Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company president, Homer L. Ferguson, went before the Emergency Fleet Corporation of the United States Shipping Board with a proposition. If the government would finance houses for shipyard workers, the shipyard would purchase the land, supervise the building, and rent or sell the houses to the workers under the terms agreed upon by the government. The government agreed to finance the $1.2 million project.
- Influenced by the English garden cities movement, the development featured modest but well-built homes in the cottage style. Landscape architect Henry Vincent Hubbard and architect Francis Y. Joannes were responsible for the layout and design. Following the war, in 1921, the Shipping Board offered the village for sale at public auction. Henry E. Huntington, chairman of the shipyard, purchased Hilton Village and held it under the auspices of the Newport News Land Company. By 1922, the shipyard began to sell the homes to individuals. Due to the armistice, the full elaboration of the Hilton Village plan was never realized. In 1969, the village was added to the National Register of Historic Places, and in 1972 the Hilton Village Architectural Review Board was created by the General Assembly. The board reviews building permits and maintains a guide for homeowners.
- Francis Yates Joannes (1876-1952) was a student of the Art Institute and Armour Institute of Chicago, a graduate of Cornell University, and received his professional training at the Ecole de Beaux-Arts in Paris (1904).
- Cataloging source
- Location of other archival material
- LVA accession 42230 contains research information on Hilton Village.
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