The Resource 1781-1913
- Inclusive dates
- Equity. -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Judicial records -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Land subdivision -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Chancery causes -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Rockingham County (Va.)
- Plats -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Deeds -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Estates (Law) -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Land records -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- African Americans -- History
- Rockingham County (Va.) -- Genealogy
- Local government records -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Debt -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Rockingham County (Va.) -- History
- Business enterprises. -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Divorce suits -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Wills -- Virginia | Rockingham County
- Rockingham County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1781-1913 (bulk 1819-1913), are indexed into the Chancery Records Index. Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed
- Chancery cases are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality's history
- Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Virginia Circuit Court (Rockingham County). Browse search: Rockingham County (Va.) Circuit Court.
- Biographical or historical data
- Chancery Causes are cases of equity. According to Black's Law Dictionary they are "administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law." A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case.
- Rockingham County was named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, second marquis of Rockingham, who supported the colonies during the years before and during the Revolutionary War. The county was formed from Augusta County in 1778. The county seat is the city of Harrisonburg.
- Courthouse fire in 1787 destroyed primarily wills and estate records. In June 1864 during the Civil War, court records (mostly volumes) were removed from the courthouse and loaded on a wagon to be taken to place of safety on or beyond the Blue Ridge. The wagon was overtaken by Union troops near Port Republic and set afire, which was put out by local citizens. Many order books, deed books, will books, and fiduciary books, however, were lost or severely damaged by the fire. The loose records that remained at the courthouse were undamaged. Pre-1865 records including deeds and wills were rerecorded following an act of assembly passed in November 1884.
- Cataloging source
- Form designation
- Rockingham County (Va.) Chancery Causes
- Location of other archival material
- Additional Rockingham County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm."
- Rockingham County is one of Virginia's Lost Records Localities. Additional Rockingham County Court Records may be found in the Virginia Lost Records Localities Digital Collection.
- See the Chancery Records Index found on the Library of Virginia web site for the chancery records of other Virginia localities.
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