The Resource Arlington County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1790-1845
- Arlington County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1790-1845
- Inclusive dates
- Debt -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Arlington County (Va.)
- Land records -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Arlington County (Va.) -- Genealogy
- Land subdivision -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Chancery causes -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Arlington County (Va.) -- History
- Wills -- Virginia | Arlington County
- African Americans -- History
- Judicial records -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Estates (Law) -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Equity. -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Plats -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Deeds -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Divorce suits -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Business enterprises. -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Local government records -- Virginia | Arlington County
- Arlington County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1790-1845 (bulk 1801-1842), are indexed into the Chancery Records Index. Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed
- Chancery cases are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality’s history
- Agency history record describes the history and functions of the Virginia Circuit Court (Arlington County). Browse search: Arlington County (Va.) Circuit Court.
- Biographical or historical data
- Chancery Causes are cases of equity. According to Black's Law Dictionary they are "administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law." A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case.
- Arlington County was originally named Alexandria County. It was formed from a portion of Fairfax County that Virginia in 1789 ceded to the federal government for use as the site of a new national capital. In 1801 the area officially became part of the District of Columbia, although Congress named it Alexandria County. By an act of 9 July 1846, Congress returned the county to Virginia, and the General Assembly extended the commonwealth's jurisdiction over the region effective 20 March 1847. By an act of assembly passed 16 March 1920, the county's name was changed to Arlington, the name of the Custis family mansion (the home of Robert E. Lee), which is located in the county.
- Cataloging source
- Location of other archival material
- Additional Arlington County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm."
- See the Chancery Records Index found on the Library of Virginia web site for the chancery records of other Virginia localities including city of Alexandria.
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