The Resource 1828-1865
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- The entries in this volume are mainly routine ones for services, products, loans, etc. Included is a list of coupon bonds which may have been held by Edmund Ruffin, 1861-1865. There are also financial accounts relevant to his estate in Hanver County, Virginia
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- Edmund Ruffin was born 5 January 1794 at Evergreen in Prince George County, Virginia, to Jane Lucas Ruffin (d. 1794) and George Ruffin (1765-1810). After briefly attending the College of William and Mary, Ruffin returned to Prince George County to manage his plantation at Coggins Point. The poor condition of the land at Coggins Point led Ruffin to experiment in agricultural techniques and he emerged as a leading proponent of agricultural reform. He represented Prince George, Greensville, Isle of Wight, Southampton, Surry, and Sussex Counties in the Virginia Senate from 1823 to 1826. In 1828, Ruffin moved to a new home in Prince George County called Shellbanks, where in 1832, he began publishing the FARMERS' REGISTER in which he advocated agricultural reform. Ruffin moved to Petersburg, Virginia, in 1835 to concentrate on his publication, but it failed in 1842. In 1843, Ruffin served as the state agricultural surveyor of South Carolina. In 1844, he returned to Virginia and settled at Marlbourne in Hanover County, Virginia. He continued to work for agricultural reform and also became a Southern nationalist, advocating secession. When South Carolina seceded from the Union in 1861, Ruffin went to Charleston, South Carolina and joined the Palmetto Guards. He is credited with firing the first shot of the assault on Fort Sumter 12 April 1861. After the Civil War began, Ruffin returned to his plantation Marlbourne. After the war ended, Ruffin moved to his son Edmund's plantation Redmoor in Amelia County, Virginia. There he committed suicide 17 June 1
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